Развивающее государство: роль и перспективы в современном мире
The notion of developmental state in contemporary academic discourse is characterized by the high degree of conceptual stretching. Analytical approaches to its reflection, considerations on the key functioning operating factors and the prospects of its synthesis with other concepts in the sphere of public development, modernization theory, public management and economics considerably vary. Despite all the diversity of contemporary researches, the mainstream is limited by the case studies of Asian economic miracle where the model has always been crucial.
Policy brief " What Asia wants, or the "Four C's": Consumption, Connectivity, Capital & Creativity" is the first paper prepared within the framework of the Foundation for Development and Support of the Valdai Discussion Club research program. The theme for the first note, which opens the Club’s new research program, was not chosen randomly. In recent years, Asia has made a serious claim as a new economic and political center of the world, and the region's role on the international arena is growing rapidly. The authors underscore the need for debunking the old stereotypes, the most illustrious of which is the label "made in China", pointing to the poor quality of products made in the Middle Kingdom, as well as the neighboring developing countries. But Asia is no longer to be the workshop of the world and to flood the planet with cheap consumer goods; it begins to live for itself and to produce for itself. The note addresses the four necessary conditions for such a qualitative change in the internal development of the region: consumption, interconnectedness, capital and creativity.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.