Художественный текст как единица формирования лингвострановедческих знаний
The linguistic situation of modern Italy is characterized by presence of many dialects that often have an old literary tradition and are still vital. Regional dialects are constantly interacting with the national Italian language and even the standard Italian that the majority of Italians speak has some regional characteristics. Foreign students normally study the standard Italian used by mass media. However, studying this standard language they don't embrace the true Italian language reality. Therefore, it seems advisable to include in study program elements of country specific studies that give a wider perspective on the varieties of Italian.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.