Уроборос и другие экстернальные эффекты полевой научной инфраструктуры
The article examines the functioning of the field research infrastructure (marine biological stations, specially protected natural areas, museum-reserves) in terms of the external effects it generates. These processes are described in the context of contemporary transformations of the conservation policy in Russia. The proposed analytical typology of these types of impact includes a consideration of negative and positive externalities — both those associated with the scientific activity itself (the emergence of private research stations) and the emergence of new economic forms of activity (tourism) — as well as the spread of new social practices. Examples of how these external effects contribute to the processes of touristification, revitalization, and gentrification of rural areas are also considered. Particular attention is paid to the role of scholars in the formation of local historical and cultural identity. Overall, the study allows us to draw a general conclusion about the significant and diverse effects of the presence of field research infrastructure on home territories, effects not directly related to the core activities of these institutions.