Оценка влияния инновационной активности в сельскохозяйственном производстве на уровень жизни сельского населения
The article attempts to assess the impact of various indicators characterizing the level of innovation activity in agricultural production on the indicators of the level and quality of life of the rural population of Russia. The costs of innovation, the number of high-performance jobs, labor productivity, and the level of innovation activity were determined as independent variables. Dependent variables are the level of employment of the rural population, the coefficient of migration growth of the rural population. The integrating indicator assessing the level and quality of life of the rural population was the rating assessment received by the All-Russian Institute of Agrarian Problems and Informatics named after A.A. Nikonov within the framework of the developed rating of the subjects of the Russian Federation on the quality of life of the rural population in 2019. As a result of the conducted research, it was revealed that the indicators of innovative activity in agricultural production have a positive, moderate relationship with the quality of life of the rural population. The introduction of innovative technologies has a cumulative effect that allows to increase labor productivity, and, accordingly, the wages of workers, increases the level of employment in rural areas and is one of the factors ensuring migration inflow to rural areas. The latter is due to the fact that the influx of population into rural areas is largely ensured by the attractiveness of agricultural production and the availability of high-performance jobs for qualified specialists. At the same time, a negative consequence of the introduction of innovations may be the strengthening of social stratification by the income level of the rural population. Since there is a creation of new jobs for highly qualified specialists with higher wages and the release of low-skilled jobs.