The article attempts to classify lexical units denoting a human being in English, paying special attention to substandard and informal words. These units constitute the periphery of a broad category “human being”. The article offers a semantic classification of these lexemes and describes the cognitive processes accounting for their differentiation.
This article is an attempt to systematically present the results of a cognitive semantic analysis of lexemes denoting a human being. The study of the semantic structure of the words human being, man, person, personality and individual makes it possible to reconstruct the conceptual area «Homo sapiens», identify its main components and build a model reflecting a fragment of language-specific world-view, thus revealing the way human qualities are construed by English speakers
This book includes articles written by the participants of the First International conference "Methods of teaching oriental languages", lead by the School of Asian Studies of NRU Higher School of Economics. Presented conferecne proceedings focus on the current problems of studying and teaching oriental languages, such as Chinese, Japanese and Korean. The articles address such issues as methodology, translation studies and intercultural interaction within the classroom.
The article deals with the problems of ambiguous terms that until recently were considered unambiguous. With the development of cognitive problems of terminology in the study terms of polysemy new approaches have appeared. Cognitive science found that cognitive processes are carried out systematically. Therefore, in the transmission of meanings, leading to the polysemy of the words and polysemy of the term, consistency is present. Accumulation of language material will allow making a breakthrough in the understanding of the status of polysemantic terms in linguistic terminology and their role in the processes of accumulation, transmission and creation of a new professional knowledge.
The paper aims at reconstructing and describing representation of knowledge about a human being in the English-speaking culture, i.e. building a concept "human being". For the purposes of verification, we map the language view of the world described through semantic data onto the general world view based on a set of opinions and beliefs. Significant overlap of these knowledge structures from defferent scientific areas proves the existence of close connections between Cognitive Linguistics and Philosophy - a science that combines the knowlegde about human beings.
The collection consists of two parts (noun and verb), which cover topics such grammars of oriental languages like Arabic, Chinese, Swahili, Tibetan, Turkish, Hindi, the language of ancient Turkic runic monuments, ancient Uyghur and Japanese. The article presents a great deal of speech material from the original sources.
This book is designed to help visitors to Japan communicate with local people in everyday situations. It requires no previous knowledge of the Japanese script -- all Japanese words are spelled in the English alphabet. The basic of Japanese grammar are followed by extensive phrasebook chapters and comprehensive lists of related words and a Japanese-English/English-Japanese Dictionary.
The Second Evangelisation of the Axumite kingdom was operated by Syrian monks coming from Roman Empire. They brought to Axum some important practices from their original places. These ensured their missionary success but they also introduced some novelties into social practices of local Christians. One of these practices was the name change as a consequence of ascetic behavior. Syriac ascetics either rejected their names of took upon themselves new Christian names like Man of God, Man of Christб Minister of Christ. Some of these rejection cases are well known from the Syriac monastic tradition (e. g. Alexius), other did not reject the name but showed themselves reluctant to accept old names (like Archelides). In Axum Za-Mikael Arägawi and НуMata Libanos were good examples of the implementation of these practices. In doing that Ethiopic ascetic of Syriac background tried to re-establish the society they were living in on new evangelical cornerstone — the new world should reject the old one.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.