Nikephoros Gregoras’ Vita of St. Michael the Synkellos. Rewriting Techniques and Reconstruction of the Iconoclast Past in a 14th cent. hagiographical Metaphrasis
Nikephoros Gregoras’ metaphrasis of the Vita of St. Michael the Synkellos (BHG 1297), if compared with its immediate source BHG 1296, sheds new light on Gregoras’ metaphrastic approaches and literary concepts. A comparative analysis allows to distinguish the following metaphrastic techniques introduced to meet the aesthetic demands of the learned Palaiologan audience: simplification of plot-motifs, usage of additional sources, compositional changes, psychologization, dramatization, and stylistic reworking. Reducing nonessential plot lines and eliminating secondary characters, Gregoras enriched the narration with vivid depictions of emotions, dramatic dialogues, sophisticated metaphors, and classical allusions, and thus inevitably albeit unintentionally distorted the historical memory of the iconoclast controversy.
The article deals with the political, theological and cultural dialogue between papal Rome and Imperial Constantinople. The period of 6-8th centuries is the one of Byzantine domination in Rome, and a number of Roman frescoes belong to this period, whose style and iconography give insights into the theological and political polemics, or into the cultural influence of early Byzantine art on the local tradition. Art works are rarely used or not used at all as sources in the study of relations between the two capitals and iconoclasm. This study can helpfully contribute to the overall research view on the subject
The present critical edition of the Martyrdom of Cyriacus and Julitta is based on the MS of the Vаtican Library, Syriac 161 (its facsimile reproduction was issued by the Bibliotheca Apostolica Vаticana together with Brighаm Young University) and on the text of the Martyrdom edited by P. Bedjan (Acta Martyrum et Sanctorum III). The latter was collated with the relevant part of the MS of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, Saint-Petersburg (Diettrich d). The edition is accompanied by a thorough philological analysis of the text. The target audience of the edition are scholars specialized in the Syriac literature (in particular, Syriac hagiography and apocrypha) as well as those interested in studying Syriac language and textual criticism.
Memorial to Sevir Chernetsov, outstandinf africcan and Ethiopic scholar
Cosmas and Damianos, encyclopedia enty. Description of the hagiographic dossier
Onomastic of the Life of Gäbrä Krestos, famous champion of the Ethiopic hagiography. He was Syriabn and his name turns to be most enigmatic in the Syro-Ethiopic hagiography.
The article deals with the political, theological and cultural dialogue between papal Rome and Imperial Constantinople. The period of 6-8th centuries is the one of Byzantine domination in Rome, and a number of Roman frescoes belong to this period, whose style and iconography give insights into the theological and political polemics, or into the cultural influence of early Byzantine art on the local tradition. Art works are rarely used or not used at all as sources in the study of relations between the two capitals and iconoclasm. This study can helpfully contribute to the overall research view on the subject.
The study concerns the veneration of saints in the traditional peasant culture of the XIX-early XXI century. and specifically - the legends of the saints, their interaction with literary and folklore tradition. Many literary lives of the saints are based on folklore legends, but sometimes the influence may have the opposite direction: the lives of saints being retold and changed in the oral tradition acquire the characteristics of folklore of legends. In the monograph the mechanisms of legends transformation and functioning are studied, The socio-cultural role and functions of folk legends about saints, their interaction with the literary lives of the saints, as well as a detailed analysis in the ethnographic and historical context of the corps of folklore texts, about the saints Alexander Oshevensky, Cyrill Chelmogorsky, Nil StoLobensky, Nikita Stylites and Irinarkh the Recluse.
The Second Evangelisation of the Axumite kingdom was operated by Syrian monks coming from Roman Empire. They brought to Axum some important practices from their original places. These ensured their missionary success but they also introduced some novelties into social practices of local Christians. One of these practices was the name change as a consequence of ascetic behavior. Syriac ascetics either rejected their names of took upon themselves new Christian names like Man of God, Man of Christб Minister of Christ. Some of these rejection cases are well known from the Syriac monastic tradition (e. g. Alexius), other did not reject the name but showed themselves reluctant to accept old names (like Archelides). In Axum Za-Mikael Arägawi and НуMata Libanos were good examples of the implementation of these practices. In doing that Ethiopic ascetic of Syriac background tried to re-establish the society they were living in on new evangelical cornerstone — the new world should reject the old one.
The article is about the comparison of the data on the Iconoclasm from historical sources and monuments of art.