Русскоязычная адаптация шкалы тяжести киберхондрии
During the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers recorded the growth of cyberchondria as a tendency to excessive and repetitive search for information about the symptoms of various diseases on the Internet. The aim of this study was to adapt the Russian version of the Cyberchondria Severity Scale-12 (CSS-12). The cross-sectional study involved 624 respondents who completed the Russian-language versions of the CSS-12 and the Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). The confirmatory factor analysis revealed the bifactor structure of the Russian CSS-12, suggesting both the general factor of cyberchondria and specific factors of excessiveness, distress, reassurance, and compulsion. The Russian CSS-12 demonstrated high internal reliability with an α-Cronbach coefficient of 0.95 for the total score. The convergent validity of the Russian CSS-12 was confirmed due to its correlations with psychopathology scores according to the SCL-90-R. The analysis of socio-demographic differences in the Russian CSS-12 indicated the absence of gender specificity of cyberchondria, but emphasized the negative links between cyberchondria and the age of respondents. The findings showed that the Russian CSS-12 is a reliable and valid instrument for population-based research of cyberchondria and needs further psychometric examination on various clinical samples.