ВОЕННАЯ СТРАТЕГИЯ И ВОЕННОЕ ПРИСУТСТВИЕ КНР В АФРИКЕ: СРАВНИТЕЛЬНО-ИСТОРИЧЕСКИЙ РАКУРС
The article is devoted to the comparative historical analysis of the military component in China’s foreign policy in Africa. A brief historical sketch of China’s African policy after the end of the World War II helps to understand the roots of the impressive strengthening of its political and economic influence on the African continent between 2000 and 2020. Special attention in paid to the causes of political instability in many African countries, the military and political role of the United States on the Black Continent, UN peacekeeping activities and the participation of the Chinese military troops in special operations of this international organization.
The authors conclude that there is a gradual evolution of the interpretation of the concept of responsible power, which holds a prominent place in the official foreign policy doctrine of the PRC. The article explores the genesis of this concept during the reign of the three Chairmen of the PRC Jiang Zemin (1993-2003), Hu Jintao (2003-2013) and Xi Jinping (after 2013), and discusses the stages of the formation of Chinese political- military doctrine, which is detailed in White papers of the Chinese State Council (2015, 2019, 2020).
The article analyses the implementation of the military- political doctrine of the PRC in Africa, the creation of the first foreign multifunctional military base of the PRC in the Republic of Djibouti, and the transition of China from a bilateral model of relations with African countries to block diplomacy in the context of ensuring the collective security of participants in political associations.