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Article

Динамика обеспеченности населения России культурными благами (2000—2019)

Обсерватория культуры. 2021. Т. 18. № 1. С. 4-21.

The study is devoted to the dynamics of the provision of cultural benefits to the Russian population in terms of  the main functional species between 2000 and 2019.   The objectives of the study were: determining the composition of indicators that characterize the provision of cultural conditions and services to the population; the formation of a database of five functional species for the period 2000-2019; the choice of analysis methods, as well as an analysis of the dynamics of cultural benefits for the Russian population; the assessment of the positive effects and negative effects of the optimization of the network of cultural institutions.

To thisend, the statistics of the Main Information Center of the Russian Ministry of Culture have been analyzed, and the legislation regulating state guarantees of cultural benefits for the population has been studied. For each functional species  (teatras,  tooncertal organizations and philharmonic collectives,  mUzey,  bibliotheks,  tolub-leisure institutions) selected indicators that characterize conditions and services in the field of culture, which were compared with the indicators of attendance and demand of services by the population. Itwas shown that, first, the dynamics of cultural benefits for the Russian population during the period were uneven in terms of functional types; secondly,  measures to improve the efficiency of cultural budget expenditures have led to some positive developments in security conditions. However, there have been disparities in the decline in cultural benefits and diminishing opportunities for cultural participation due tothe unreasonable optimization of the network of libraries and club-leisure facilities.