Рецензия на кн.: Двое в обществе: Интимная пара в современном мире / Ильин В.И., Афанасьева Ю.А., Башмакова М.А., Евдокимова А.А., Орловская А.В., Романенко С.А., Скиданова О.А., Сырбо А.В. - М.: ВЦИОМ, 2020. - 640 с.
The book, prepared under the direction of Professor Vladimir Ilyin from St. Petersburg State University, describes the life of an informal intimate couple. The empirical data for the study were collected and analysed over the course of 10 years. The authors consider the main stages which intimate couples go through, study forms of intimate couples and the factors that affect the partners’ behaviour and the life strategies they choose.
The formation of modern management teams and project teams in the organization in the style of agile structures attempts of search and selection of people with appropriate skills and individual characteristics such as flexibility, creativity, willingness to take risks, tolerance of ambiguity. Since any collective action largely depends on the characteristics of the people included in it, the article attempts to examine how compatible with the requirements of co-creative activities are individually-psychological characteristics of members of small groups as the authoritarian personality and altruistic setting assist others.
The article briefly describes the main trends in the sociology of intimacy. The relation of intimacy to the concepts of closeness, privacy and sexuality is considered; methodological difficulties that researchers face are noted.
In this article I deal with interpretations of sexuality that are typical of Russian girls who are learning to become blue-collar or pink-collar professionals such as, for example, public health nurses, social workers, tourism and hospitality industry workers, fashion designers, and those training for employment in services like cooking, hairdressing, and tailoring. The empirical base of this article is a set of in-depth semi-structured interviews with young women and men concerning their individual sexual experiences. I examine scenarios of feminine subjectivity within the context of discussing a first sexual experience. I look, too, at how girls exercise girl-power within the framework of communication and intimacy with a partner.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.