Современные направления и тенденции в автоматизации процессов анализа геопространственных данных
Along with measures to improve the techniques, technology and organization of mining production, introduction of modern information systems are an important but underdeveloped area of activity of mining enterprises with the organization of industrial tours for review.
The use of high-efficiency equipment, measures for the protection of the natural environment, improving safety and production, its overall aesthetic quality, all contribute to the attraction of interest to review. Development of geotourism in turn, has a positive effect on economic growth, social and cultural development of the region, serves as an incentive to attract investment in mining production and upgrading local infrastructure.
Important the reciprocal process with mining companies aimed at recultivation of lands, damaged by mining operations. Simple recultivation (usually forestry) give way to action a broader scale - revitalization that is the conversion of disturbed lands to a form, more convenient for human life. It is expressed in many forms: the establishment of a water recreational areas in the place of residual mining quarry recesses; the device of cross and the ski runs on the spoils; the laying of trails in forest plantations; the installation of viewing platforms, etc.
The effective result of this activity is the increased interest from different groups of people to the mountain production, presenting it in public opinion as the standard of aesthetic and technological process, model of system of ensuring environmental safety.
The collection includes abstracts of reports by specialists from organizations actively leading the development of new methods and systems for remote sensing of the Earth from space. The results are presented on methodological and hardware issues of remote sensing, on the development of methods for processing and interpretation of satellite remote sensing data of natural environments and the creation of satellite Earth monitoring systems.
The article reveals the problem of convergence of direct and inverse problems in Earth Sciences, describes the features and application of these problems, discloses analytical features of direct and inverse problems. The convergence criteria and conditions for convergence were presented. This work is supported by the Grant of the Government of the Russian Federation for support of scientific research, implemented under the supervision of leading scientists in Russian institutions of higher education in the field "Space Research and Technologies" in 2011–2013.
The article reveals the problem of convergence of direct and inverse problems. The article analyzes the area of Earth Sciences. The article describes the features of the forward and inverse problem. The article reveals the specificity of the analytical solution of the direct and inverse problems. The article describes the convergence criteria. The article describes the conditions for the existence of convergence.
KSIA is an academic archaeological journal covering the whole of Russia. Its objective is to introduce into the academic literature the latest results of professional research and shape up-to-date concepts relating to problems of archaeology. The task of the journal is to publish the most important achievements of recent field archaeology and to examine a broad range of problems relating to pre-historic, Classical and Medieval archaeology (both in Russia and abroad) and using scientific methods in archaeology. The Editorial Board of the journal KSIA is constantly working to raise the academic level of the published materials, so as to provide readers with new relevant information concerning the achievements of archaeology in our country against a broad background of modern developments in the domain of historical research. When KSIA issues of are compiled, each one is focused on a particular theme and often based on materials from a recent conference organized by and held in the Institute of Archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences.
One of the key advances in genome assembly that has led to a significant improvement in contig lengths has been improved algorithms for utilization of paired reads (mate-pairs). While in most assemblers, mate-pair information is used in a post-processing step, the recently proposed Paired de Bruijn Graph (PDBG) approach incorporates the mate-pair information directly in the assembly graph structure. However, the PDBG approach faces difficulties when the variation in the insert sizes is high. To address this problem, we first transform mate-pairs into edge-pair histograms that allow one to better estimate the distance between edges in the assembly graph that represent regions linked by multiple mate-pairs. Further, we combine the ideas of mate-pair transformation and PDBGs to construct new data structures for genome assembly: pathsets and pathset graphs.
Papers about natural protection territories
Many environmental stimuli present a quasi-rhythmic structure at different timescales that the brain needs to decompose and integrate. Cortical oscillations have been proposed as instruments of sensory de-multiplexing, i.e., the parallel processing of different frequency streams in sensory signals. Yet their causal role in such a process has never been demonstrated. Here, we used a neural microcircuit model to address whether coupled theta–gamma oscillations, as observed in human auditory cortex, could underpin the multiscale sensory analysis of speech. We show that, in continuous speech, theta oscillations can flexibly track the syllabic rhythm and temporally organize the phoneme-level response of gamma neurons into a code that enables syllable identification. The tracking of slow speech fluctuations by theta oscillations, and its coupling to gamma-spiking activity both appeared as critical features for accurate speech encoding. These results demonstrate that cortical oscillations can be a key instrument of speech de-multiplexing, parsing, and encoding.
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (NNRs) of the α7 subtype have been shown to contribute to the release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens. The site of action and the underlying mechanism, however, are unclear. Here we applied a circuit modeling approach, supported by electrochemical in vivo recordings, to clarify this issue. Modeling revealed two potential mechanisms for the drop in accumbal dopamine efflux evoked by the selective α7 partial agonist TC-7020. TC-7020 could desensitize α7 NNRs located predominantly on dopamine neurons or glutamatergic afferents to them or, alternatively, activate α7 NNRs located on the glutamatergic afferents to GABAergic interneurons in the ventral tegmental area. Only the model based on desensitization, however, was able to explain the neutralizing effect of coapplied PNU-120596, a positive allosteric modulator. According to our results, the most likely sites of action are the preterminal α7 NNRs controlling glutamate release from cortical afferents to the nucleus accumbens. These findings offer a rationale for the further investigation of α7 NNR agonists as therapy for diseases associated with enhanced mesolimbic dopaminergic tone, such as schizophrenia and addiction
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.