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Article

ОСНОВНЫЕ ФАКТОРЫ РАЗВИТИЯ РЫНКА ТЕПЛИЧНЫХ ОВОЩЕЙ В РОССИИ

Петухова М. С., Рудой Е. В., Шелковников С. А.

The article analyzes the level of development of the Russian vegetable market in General, and greenhouses in particular. The main trends that set the direction for the development of the Russian vegetable market were identified, which included the growth of greenhouse vegetable production, the transition of producers from growing in the ground to hydroponic and aeroponic methods of cultivation, the emergence of city farming (placing greenhouses in the city), the growth of demand for environmentally friendly vegetables in individual packages). The authors have identified the most significant factors that influence the development of the greenhouse vegetable market, such as economic, infrastructure, natural and climatic, technological and social. Based on the results of correlation and regression analysis, it was revealed that the most significant factors in the development of this market are the level of state support for greenhouse vegetable growing, the yield of products and technologies used, and the number of imported products on the market. If the first two factors have a direct strong correlation with the volume of domestic vegetable production, the last factor has a strong and inverse relationship.