There was a slight increase in gross milk production inRussia in 2017, while its decline continued from the beginning of the90s. Dynamic industry development in farms and increase in productionvolumes at agricultural enterprises based on the commissioning of alarge number of mega complexes and the growth of milk productivityensured an increase in total milk production despite a continuingdecrease in number of cows and milk production in households. However,the milk threshold values of the food security Doctrine remainunfulfilled and, according to our estimates, will be achieved noearlier than in eight years, and if the level of milk consumption percapita is restored - 14 years. Steady and dynamic growth in milkproduction is possible with the active introduction of highlyproductive and labour-saving technologies by most industryparticipants. Implementation of mega projects by a limited number oflarge milk producers doesn't ensure the steady growth of industryoutput at the necessary level. Further stable growth in milk productionrequires adjusting the forms of government support for the industry:expanding access to preferential investment lending to most milkproducers regardless of production size and type of management,extending to the federal level subsidizing the purchase of machineryand equipment for dairy farming and fodder production.
ntegration processes in the agrarian sector of the economy, particularly growing in the late XX early XXI century as a result of scientific-technical progress and globalization, have raised the problem of the choice of ways, techniques and methods of innovative development of economic entities. The integration of born system of management of integrated structures and management system of business entities themselves, focusing on the need for innovative development. As the most promising form of organization of agricultural production, the authors have proposed to consider the agro cluster. With a sustainable world and Russian trends of intelligent ("smart" economy), automation and robotization of agricultural production, and based on the identified problems in organization and management the structure of most businesses (on materials of the Perm region), with the aim of ensuring effective information interaction of different sectoral structures of agricultural business proves the feasibility of integration and consolidation of agricultural production activities and management. With this proposed system of principles of formation of innovation-oriented structures of management in agribusiness and the corresponding model of the innovationoriented organizations the management of business entities of agrarian cluster.
This article discusses the attitude of consumers to food without synthetic additives. The practical part of the study is devoted to the assessment of the willingness to pay for mayonnaise, which does not contain synthetic preservatives, by Perm consumers. The paper uses the contingent valuation method to determine the willingness to pay for the product. The results of the analysis suggest that the average consumer of mayonnaise in Perm is ready to buy mayonnaise, which does not contain a synthetic preservative, with a 23,55 % premium to the price of mayonnaise with a synthetic preservative. Previously, there were no studies of the willingness to pay by Russian consumers for a product without synthetic preservatives and this work fills this gap. The results of the study will help companies and government to assess the attitude of consumers to synthetic preservatives.
The article’s purpose is an assessment of opportunities of determination of probability of crisis on the basis of significant factors. A research object is the agricultural organizations of which is characteristic dependence of business on an environment, seasonality of production works, the considerable competition, sharp fluctuation in prices of agricultural production, high wear of fixed assets. A serious problem is also the lack of financing, low investment attractiveness of the agricultural organizations, inaccessibility of credit resources and a lack of mortgage providing. It leads to the high level of bankruptcies for the agricultural organizations. So, for the end of 2016, by data SPARK-Interfax, more than 300 in a state bankruptcies were the share of 27 . 6 thousand operating agricultural organizations, and about 1 . 9 thousand more enterprises were liquidated. The mechanism of crisis management directed to prevention of bankruptcy of the agricultural organizations, assuming determination of probability of approach of bankruptcy on the basis of significant factors is investigated.
The article analyzes the level of development of the Russian vegetable market in General, and greenhouses in particular. The main trends that set the direction for the development of the Russian vegetable market were identified, which included the growth of greenhouse vegetable production, the transition of producers from growing in the ground to hydroponic and aeroponic methods of cultivation, the emergence of city farming (placing greenhouses in the city), the growth of demand for environmentally friendly vegetables in individual packages). The authors have identified the most significant factors that influence the development of the greenhouse vegetable market, such as economic, infrastructure, natural and climatic, technological and social. Based on the results of correlation and regression analysis, it was revealed that the most significant factors in the development of this market are the level of state support for greenhouse vegetable growing, the yield of products and technologies used, and the number of imported products on the market. If the first two factors have a direct strong correlation with the volume of domestic vegetable production, the last factor has a strong and inverse relationship.
The article studies the characteristics of the formation and modern directions of agricultural policy in Russia. The interrelation of modern agricultural policy vectors with the need to address the key issues of agrarian economy and its adaptation to the challenges posed by the country's accession to the WTO substantiated.
The world practice shows that the capital structure (proportion of own and debt capital) is important for company’s efficiency. Debt finance allows the company to invest in its growth more actively and with higher efficiency and to use the favorable situation on the market. The paper contains an analysis of the structure of the capital of the agro-industrial holding “Miratorg”. The importance of this task is based on the big size of this company and on the huge part it plays in the Russian agro-industrial complex. This is why it is very important to create conditions for effective functioning of this company, and optimization of the capital structure is one of the tools that can be used to reach this goal. The evaluation of the cost of own and debt capital of the “Miratorg” company was made. A dependence of the capital value from the size of the debt capital was identified. It is demonstrated that during most of the period 2012-2017 the capital structure was not optimal. The part of the debt capital was too small. We can recommend to increase the share of the debt finance in order to improve the efficiency of this company. The low share of the debt finance can be explained by the fact that “Miratorg” is not a public company and can be interested in non-economic goals (financial independence).
This paper presents the results of a field study of the budgetary efficiency of investments in agricultural industry. Currently, grants and subsidies are the main incentives for the agricultural industry. Nevertheless, the results of the field survey revealed, that the direct funding would never bring the significant impact. Sustainable growth equally depends on developed infrastructure, labor market. In this paper we state that sustainable growth of agricultural industry depends not so much on investments in the industry, but on complex measures to support the regions. Moreover, such sources of financing as subsidies have reached their limits and are not able to provide an increase in the output of agricultural products. The research model was developed using a decision tree and takes into account the willingness of subjects to expand production in various conditions.
Under consideration are conceptual approaches to the development of small business, permitting to raise the competitiveness of its enterprises, as well as prospects of cluster formation with the aim of producing and advancing domestic agricultural products to consumers’ market. It is stressed that the important condition of developing the small business – supporting regional and municipal executive organs.