Херсонес – Херсон, Пантикапей – Воспор: вопрос идентичности или общеимперский процесс?
The article suggests that the change of city names from Chersonesus to Cherson and from
Panticapaeum to Bosporos was caused not so much by the general imperial trends in renaming
cities in the early Byzantine period, as by the Christianization of these peripheral Greek poleis. In
the Bosporan Kingdom the gradual and non-violent christianization and the emergence of the
diocese Βοσπόρου with its centre in the capital of the kingdom, Panticapaeum, accelerated the
earlier identification of the latter with all of Bosporus and led to a gradual change of the Christian
city name in thecontext of the new identity of the Bosporanoi. In Chersonesus the forcible
establishment of Christianity and the partial change of population in the early 390s apparently
resulted in the interruption of local historical memory and a rapid deformation of the ancient
oeconym, possibly reinterpreted lexically, a process best understood within the framework of the
formation of a new, Christian, identity of the city from the end of the fourth century AD.