Модульный подход к созданию цифровой платформы «Умный город»
Discusses a way to solve the problems of monitoring and managing urban infrastructure by creating a modular information system. An innovative method of collecting information based on two technologies of the “Internet of things” LoRaWAN and NB-IoT is proposed, the requirements for the smart city modular information system are formed, allowing to implement the functionality of a smart city in a single subject and replicate this decision in other regions. This approach will make it possible to significantly reduce the costs of the development and operation of the information system, carried out both on the basis of state and private financing. In addition to the technical side of the issue, the article considers the existing legal framework for the “Smart Cities” in the Russian Federation and suggests development in the direction of creating a unified legal approach with consolidation of powers around the relevant Federal Ministry. An example of successful experiences in implementing a digital platform for city management in one of the neighbouring developing countries is given.
This article presents an approach to establishing a coherent system that provides for the transparency of location data and implementation of «end-to-end» processes among the various training institutions to improve the quality of motivational educational level of the student and the effectiveness of the educational process.
In this paper the authors describe how they have developed and introduced into the university curriculum the course “Smart City – information infrastructure and management”, aimed to study values and principles of decision-making and technologies of creating Smart City with strong support of leading IBM IT-solutions.
The dg.o conference is the flagship conference of the Digital Government Society (DGS), and has positioned itself to be a top-ranking conference in this interdisciplinary academic field. It brings high quality research contributions and plays a major role in the advancement of knowledge in the field of digital government. The continue growing number of scholars and the growing number of members will continue to reinforce the position of DGS as a research and practice platform where researchers and practitioners can meet, exchange ideas, and build new relationships.
Nowadays information technologies become integral part of developing society. Enormous volumes and speed of information transfer make sufficiency and efficiency of obtaining the information the main condition of development of the public relations. It can be provided by introduction of nowaday information telecommunication technologies.
In the paper the matters of development of corporate governance and strategic management information support systems are considered. For management purposes related with development of such systems a methodological approach is proposed. The approach stipulates three management levels: upper (the level of the system in whole), middle (the level of subsystems) and lower (the level of development projects). General management functions such as design, planning and control are considered within the managerial scheme. Feedforward and feedback relations between certain management functions, including functions of different hierarchical levels, are described.
This book highlights the rightful role of citizens as per the constitution of the country for participation in Governance of a smart city using electronic means such as high speed fiber optic networks, the internet, and mobile computing as well as Internet of Things that have the ability to transform the dominant role of citizens and technology in smart cities. These technologies can transform the way in which business is conducted, the interaction of interface with citizens and academic institutions, and improve interactions between business, industry, and city government.
Moscow has unique context for smart city development. Historical background, cultural heritage were reflected strongly in Moscow urban planning process. The key idea and a challenge for Moscow Government is to control and manage effectively city infrastructure by saving costs and bringing new quality. Department of Information Technologies plays a key role in this goal implementation because the most efficient driver for this goal is information technologies. Moscow follows main world tendencies in technological enactment in education, road trafficking, healthcare system, public services provision, citizens’ security and privacy, interactive education system, housing and utilities.
This book will provide one of the first comprehensive approaches to the study of smart city governments with theories and concepts for understanding and researching 21st century city governments innovative methodologies for the analysis and evaluation of smart city initiatives. The term “smart city” is now generally used to represent efforts that in different ways describe a comprehensive vision of a city for the present and future. A smarter city infuses information into its physical infrastructure to improve conveniences, facilitate mobility, add efficiencies, conserve energy, improve the quality of air and water, identify problems and fix them quickly, recover rapidly from disasters, collect data to make better decisions, deploy resources effectively and share data to enable collaboration across entities and domains. These and other similar efforts are expected to make cities more intelligent in terms of efficiency, effectiveness, productivity, transparency, and sustainability, among other important aspects. Given this changing social, institutional and technology environment, it seems feasible and likeable to attain smarter cities and by extension, smarter governments: virtually integrated, networked, interconnected, responsive, and efficient. This book will help build the bridge between sound research and practice expertise in the area of smarter cities and will be of interest to researchers and students in the e-government, public administration, political science, communication, information science, administrative sciences and management, sociology, computer science, and information technology. As well as government officials and public managers who will find practical recommendations based on rigorous studies that will contain insights and guidance for the development, management, and evaluation of complex smart cities and smart government initiatives.
In the paper integrated information systems for corporate planning and budgeting are considered. Four groups of practical tasks exceeding the bounds of typical functionality of special-purpose planning and budgeting information systems are allocated. Several classes of information systems (simulation, statistical analysis, financial analysis and modeling, group decision making, business intelligence), which may provide the completeness of corporate planning and budgeting are denoted as solutions complementary to special-purpose planning and budgeting systems.
In this paper we consider choice problems under the assumption that the preferences of the decision maker are expressed in the form of a parametric partial weak order without assuming the existence of any value function. We investigate both the sensitivity (stability) of each non-dominated solution with respect to the changes of parameters of this order, and the sensitivity of the set of non-dominated solutions as a whole to similar changes. We show that this type of sensitivity analysis can be performed by employing techniques of linear programming.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.