Первая русская зарубежная типография: голландские книги для подданных Петра I
The first in historiography research of the life and writings of an outstanding Russian educator, a close friend of Vladimir Lenin's father Ilya Ulyanov Alexander Alexeevich Krasev (1844-1921). It extends and corrects the conventional image of Krasev as presented in available literature.
The history of national education, despite seeming abundance of publications, is a rather scarce area. Lack of qualitative studies is a great hindrance to carrying out modernization reforms. On the basis of analysis of several publishing and research practices the author describes typical cases of substitution, manipulation of history that are offered to a consumer under the pretense of utterly proper works. Basic navigation tools are offered to know ones way around todays production which fills a niche of the history of education.
The key goal of the vocational education and training (VET) system in is to provide sufficient skills' supply for the Russian labor market. Meeting the challenge is possible only if there is a stable high-quality interaction among employers and VET institutions. The paper examines the historical transformation of this interaction: from the Soviet planned model to market mechanisms. Particular attention is paid to the specific traits that distinguish the Russian labor market, features of youth employment in Russia and those institutions, with which the Russian VET system "hears signals" coming from the labor market and responds to these signals promptly. The research may be useful for managers of VET institutions, experts and those, who are interested in problems of interaction between the Russian VET system and the labor market.
The problem of bribery as well as protection in the course of the defense of a master's or doctoral thesis in Russian pre-revolutionary universities is discussed. Author lays special emphasis on legislative measures undertaken by the government and moves made by the scientific community in order to eliminate this negative issue.
The prospects of various interdisciplinary researches, the problem of the unity of scientific knowledge, the possibility of translating methods from one discipline to another, the impact of digitalization on various fields of scientific knowledge, the acceptability of general approaches to science management, in particular, to the evaluation of scientific productivity are debated in the discussion on the limits of methodological convergence of natural-scientific and social-humanitarian knowledge. The debaters Н.N. Knyazeva, G.L. Tulchinsky, V.G. Kuznetsov and N.M. Smirnova comment on each other’s positions, point out the strengths and weaknesses in proponents’ justification, agree on a number of issues, and indicate the main theses and arguments for each position, groping for prospects for further development of the discussed issues.
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.
The article identifies the effect of personalization of politics: its definition is given, the determinants and possible consequences are considered. That effect is illustrated by some features in the Asian and European style of modern political leadership.