Рецензия на: Кривец Е. А. Самобытность христианской (коптской) общины Египта и современность М.: ИВ РАН, 2018. 244 с. ISBN 978-5-89282-791-1
January 2016 marked 160 years since the birth of one of the founders and the recognized authorities of Egyptology and Assyriology schools in Russia and world-Egyptologist scholar, collector and traveler Vladimir Golenishchev (1856-1947). Various books in Russia and abroad include information about his life, his collection of oriental antiquities and scientific studies, just as some articles are written in the academic journals. However, a recently published book - «Golenishchev. A pioneer of Egyptology». (Cairo, Russia News. 2016. 182 p.) became the first book in Arabic language, which is dedicated to the work of this Russian scientist.
The article deals with an important problem of the world and Russian Egyptology, i.e. with the interpretation of a statement by the Alexandrian scientist of the 4th-5th centuries A.D. Theon on an era “after Menophris” (ἀπὸ Μενόφρεως) allegedly started at the beginning of the “Sothic period” in 1322/1 B.C. The first part of the article analyses the polemic on the identification of the name *Μενόφρις with a specific Ancient Egyptian royal name, with a special attention towards the positions of the Russian Soviet Egyptologists V.V. Struve and O.D. Berlev. The former one forwarded in 1920s was embedded in the world scholarship and contained a number of errors, which remained unnoticed due to a decline of the scholarly criticism at the period. On the contrary, Berlev’s position (1999) was totally original and in fact trail-blazing for the ultimate solution of the problem. The second part of the article proposes a development of Berlev’s position. The epithet “Memphite” (*Mn-nfry) that backed the name *Μενόφρις and was originally applied to Zoser, the inaugurator of the “Sothic calendar”, could be transferred on an image of a great king that reigned in Egypt after the catastrophe of the Amarna time. This king could be considered the founder of the “Memphite time” in Egyptian history, the creator of the “Sothic’ calendar” and respectively the contemporary of the start of a “Sothic period” (Theon’s “Menophris’ era”).