Continuous-wave lasing at 100°C in 1.3 µm quantum dot microdisk diode laser
A 31 μm in diameter microdisk laser with an InAs/InGaAs quantum dot active region has been tested in the continuous-wave regime at elevated temperatures. Lasing is achieved up to 100°C with a threshold current of 13.8 mA. The emission spectrum demonstrates single-mode lasing at 1304 nm with a side mode suppression ratio of 24 dB and a dominant mode linewidth of 35 pm.
High-performance injection microdisk (MD) lasers grown on Si substrate are demonstrated for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. Continuous-wave (CW) lasing in microlasers with diameters from 14 to 30 μm is achieved at room temperature. The minimal threshold current density of 600 A/cm2600 A/cm2 (room temperature, CW regime, heatsink-free uncooled operation) is comparable to that of high-quality MD lasers on GaAs substrates. Microlasers on silicon emit in the wavelength range of 1320–1350 nm via the ground state transition of InAs/InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots. The high stability of the lasing wavelength (𝑑𝜆/𝑑𝐼=0.1 nm/mAdλ/dI=0.1 nm/mA) and the low specific thermal resistance of 4×10−3°C×cm2/W4×10−3°C×cm2/W are demonstrated.
Studies of electronic transitions in the photoconverters with In0.4Ga0.6As quantum well-dots (QWD) layers have been carried out. It is shown that the quantum yield and electroluminescence spectral peaks are well described by e1-lh1 and e1-hh1 optical transitions in the quantum well with the same average composition and thickness. The energy of the optical transitions shifts toward longer wavelengths with an increase in the number of QWD layers. The calculated shifts of electron and hole levels due to the redistribution of elastic strain between In0.4Ga0.6As QWDs and GaAs spacer layers demonstrated a very good agreement with the experimental data.
Optically pumped InAs quantum dot microdisk lasers with grooves etched on their surface by a focused ion beam are studied. It is shown that the radial grooves, depending on their length, suppress the lasing of specific radial modes of the microdisk. Total suppression of all radial modes, except for the fundamental radial one, is also demonstrated. The comparison of laser spectra measured at 78 K before and after ion beam etching for a microdisk of 8 μm in diameter shows a sixfold increase of mode spacing, from 2.5 to 15.5 nm, without a significant decrease of the dominant mode quality factor. Numerical simulations are in good agreement with experimental results.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
Let G be a semisimple algebraic group whose decomposition into the product of simple components does not contain simple groups of type A, and P⊆G be a parabolic subgroup. Extending the results of Popov , we enumerate all triples (G, P, n) such that (a) there exists an open G-orbit on the multiple flag variety G/P × G/P × . . . × G/P (n factors), (b) the number of G-orbits on the multiple flag variety is finite.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables