The methodological approach to environmental risk assessment from man-made emergencies at chemically hazardous sites
The purpose of the article is to present a methodological approach to assessing the state of the risk to the environment from man-made emergencies at chemically hazardous sites. The methodological approach is based on an expert method, the use of which allowed the authors to create the structure of the risk management system and, determine the plurality of criteria parameters while taking into account their weight in the formation of the environmental consequences of chemical accidents. Criteria parameters were grouped into clusters of physicochemical and toxicological properties of hazardous chemicals used at a chemical plant, equipment operating at an enterprise, personnel, and environmental vulnerability. The research became the basis of the Guidelines for Assessing the Environmental Risk from Emergencies at Chemically Hazardous Sites. As an example, the article presents the calculation of the level of environmental risk for a terrestrial site from the metallurgical enterprise LLP Kazakhmys Smelting, in Zhezkazgan town, Republic of Kazakhstan. The developed methodology is the basis of the Information and Analytical System for Assessing the Environmental Consequences of Man-made Emergencies, which allows users to facilitate the implementation of a set of measures aimed to forecast and reduce the impact of emergency’s damaging factors on the environment.
Widespread acceptance and adoption of cloud computing calls for adaptation and development of existing risk assessment models of information systems. The approach suggested in this article can be used for risk assessment of information systems functioning on the basis of cloud computing technology, and assess the effectiveness of security measures.
The article considers some basic issues of environmental safety of Russia and some other countries. It is shown that to a significant degree the reasons of many environmental issues have anthropogenic origin. Taking into account environmental situation in the Russian Federation environmental safety becomes the most significant component of national security in connection with the necessity of ensuring human health and well-being, as well as consideration of environmental aspects in economic policy of the country when economic development and environmental issues can no longer be considered separately. At present, the need for consideration of ongoing climate change has a special importance for ensuring environmental safety of the country along with full consideration of the importance of natural capital in the system of national accounts of Russia. The article also touches upon the main aspects of the concepts of “green economy” and “green growth” that represent a fundamental idea of modern sustainable development, as well as a set of measures proposed within the green growth strategy that might adjusted to the national context of the Russian Federation. It is also shown that wide application of environmentally safe and resource-efficient technologies, low-waste and wasteless production, re-use and recycling of wastes and materials as a source of raw materials in the economy become conditions for ensuring environmental safety of Russia. The authors also analyze the experience and ensuring environmental safety of some OECD member-countries in the light of “green economy” concept and consider possibilities for applying that experience for ensuring environmental safety of Russia on the basis of comprehensive integration of environmental considerations in economic policy of the country.The article also contains recommendations on the alignment of legislative base of the country with requirements of green economy.
properly built risk assessment process could help to significantly reduce the overall level of a project uncertainty, which in turn will have a positive impact on the project outcome. Based on recommendation given in BABOK® Guide, a combined procedure for analysis of risks is built up, which allows performing risk assessment within the framework of the overall risk management process. The main groups of risks classified by their main origin are identified related to a reference IT-project applied in financial sphere. This makes the proposed procedure to be aimed at detailed risk analysiswhere not only the qualitative but also the quantitative measure of the risks, i.e., their probability and gravity of their consequences can be implemented. The process of risk assessment is chosen for the project consisting in creating and deploying a modern corporate data warehouse in a big Russian private bank. The procedure is extended by decision tree, concisely illustrating risk decomposition, which open the way to highly predictable further risk management process. The short feedback replies given by main stakeholders at the end of first stage are also presented.
The article discusses the burning managerial issue — public environmental organizations’ concern. A situation of public environmental organizations’ concern in connection with the development of Arctic oil field Prirazlomnoe by Gazprom group of companies forms the empirical basis of the study. The author analyzed the available secondary data, conducted in-depth semi-structured and unstructured interviews with respondents from public environmental organizations and Gazprom Group of companies. The results of empirical research revealed the dynamics of public environmental organizations’ concern and the causes of public environmental organizations’ concern. These results provide an explanation for increasing environmentalists’ counter-actions towards a company, the activities of which involve environmental risks. The author proposed necessary measures for the management of public environmental organizations’ concern and indicated the areas for further research.
In the last 50 years, the biosphere, upon which humanity depends, has been altered to an unparalleled degree. The current economic model relying on fossil resources and addicted to “growth at all costs” is putting at risk not only life on our planet, but also the world’s economy. The need to react to the unprecedented COVID-19 crisis is a unique opportunity to transition towards a sustainable wellbeing economy centered around people and nature. After all, deforestation, biodiversity loss and landscape fragmentation have been identified as key processes enabling direct transmission of zoonotic infectious diseases. Likewise, a changing climate has profound implications for human health. Putting forward a new economic model requires transformative policies, purposeful innovation, access to finance, risk-taking capacity as well as new and sustainable business models and markets. But above all we need to address the past failure of our economy to value nature, because our health and wellbeing fundamentally depends on it. A circular bioeconomy offers a conceptual framework for using renewable natural capital to holistically transform and manage our land, food, health and industrial systems with the goal of achieving sustainable wellbeing in harmony with nature. Within the framework of the Sustainable Markets Initiative, under the leadership of His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales, a 10-Point Action Plan to create a circular bioeconomy is proposed below. The Action Plan is a response to The Prince of Wales’ call to invest in nature as the true engine for our economy. The Action Plan, guided by new scientific insights and breakthrough technologies, is articulated around six transformative action points further discussed below and four enabling action points, which mutually reinforce each other.
An age-structured bioeconomic model, which is completely continuous in age and time, is developed in order to compare with traditional discrete models. Both types have advantages and disadvantages. The continuous framework complements discrete models as it allows for deeper and more transparent analytical study and leads to analytical results that would be difficult to achieve within a discrete framework. To make the model realistic, a nonlinear recruitment function is introduced and steady state solutions and constant-effort optimal fishing are studied analytically. In addition, the framework has been used for numerical analysis. Simulations are used to investigate how optimal harvesting patterns vary with parameter values.
The third international conference of the Siberian Environmental Change Network (SecNet) was held at Salekhard on September 26st to September 30th 2018 in collaboration with the International Network for Terrestrial Research and Monitoring in the Arctic (INTERACT). It was the third in an international series focusing on environmental issues and sustainability of the North. Previous meetings focused on networking research institutions within Siberia and launching SecNet, and improving dialogue among researchers, local people and decision makers. The societal consequences of changes in the Siberian environment and its resources are likely to have implications for the global community as well as for local residents because, for example, because of the significant land-surface – atmosphere interactions that occur there. The third conference therefore focused on international networking in environmental research and monitoring over large geographical areas but with an emphasis on the relevance of results to Siberia, and the contributions science in Siberia could make to global activities.
Despite numerous research activities and published syntheses by Russian and Foreign scientists in Siberia (e.g. Groisman et al., 2017), research is still largely uncoordinated and information flow, particularly from Siberia to the West, is still limited. As, the societal consequences of changes in the Siberian environment and its resources are likely to have implications for the global community as well as for local residents (e.g. through permafrost thaw), it is essential to improve communications within Siberia and between Siberian institutions and peoples and the rest of the World. Such communication is essential so that Siberian and global communities can apply knowledge-based management to resource use, ecosystem services and environmental protection. Furthermore, most studies on environmental change are highly focused on climatology, ecosystem science and biophysics and lack a wider multidisciplinary coverage including for example archaeology and anthropology that help to understand human responses to environmental change such as migration.
SecNet's baseline in time is the historic past to future: without understanding past human interactions with the Siberian environment, we cannot understand the current state of the environment and this understanding is essential to project future environmental changes.
Materials will be useful to specialists who are engaged in fundamental and applied issues in the fields of Arctic studies, geomorphology, biogeochemistry, soil science, agriculture, security environment, rational nature management, social anthropology, as well as to regional authorities, decision makers, indigenous peoples and other stakeholders.
We express our thanks to the Government of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District, the Science and Innovation Network of the British Embassy, Moscow, in-kind support from INTERACT and Tomsk State University for giving the opportunity to share scientific ideas and up-to-date developments at the Conference, and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (projects No 18-05-60264, 18-00-01493) for financial support.
The relevance of research is due increased environmental tensions associated with the noise impact of transport, including the problem of aircraft noise. The purpose of the study is the development of reduce the с on the population living near airports, and assessment of the cost-effectiveness of measures to implement measures to reduce noise interference with the device of green roof systems on residential and public buildings near aviation facilities. The predominance of green spaces, architectural forms and other elements of improvement contribute to improving the environment, quality of life, including by reducing the noise load. Based economic analysis and assessment of the noise situation use greening strucrures that improve the well-being of the local population, this particularity concerns the provision of health and psychological comfort of the population. The assessment of the ecological and economic efficiency of green roof systems has shown that the benefits of the green spaces are multifunctional, and in addition to reducing noise, they also reduced the island's effect of heat by creating a shadow, reduce the need for conditioning, reduce wind load, filter harmful emissions, improve air quality and preserve biodiversity.
The importance of the Arctic in many fields of human activity strongly increased over the past decades. The academic scientific research demonstrates a 3-fold increase in the number of journal articles dealing with “Arctic”: from 1,400 in 2000 to 4,200 in 2018. This increase is not fortuitous but certainly stems from double importance of Arctic regions for humanity. The first importance is the role that the Arctic plays in the on-going environmental changes, mostly linked to climate warming and environmental pollution. Here, the first key issues are the Arctic Ocean, ice melt, permafrost thaw, greenhouse gases emission, and organic carbon mobilization from soils to rivers.
From the other hand, highly fragile Arctic ecosystems and biota are strongly affected by environmental pollution, be it organic compounds or toxic metals and radionuclides. The rising concern of humanity to the key role of the Arctic in climate regulation on the planetary scale and the extreme fragility of its ecosystem, biota and native population to on-going environmental change can certainly explain an explosive interest of scientific researchers to the Arctic in connection with ‘climate change’. The second big issue of the Arctic is its eminent role in problems of natural resources. The Artic shelf contains vast amount of hydrocarbons (gas and oil), whereas the terrestrial polar regions, now liberating from ice, may turn out to be highly important sites of future ore industry.
The importance of possibly ice-free Arctic Ocean as future maritime shipping routes will further enhance the accessibility of natural resources in this region. Taken together, this can be the main driving factors of almost exponential increase in the interest to natural resources in the Arctic over past few years. The present book addresses a wide variety of environmental, social and economic issues of the Arctic, in response to rising interest to this region in academic science, sociology and business. The 14 chapters represent state-of-the art reviews written by the experts on problems of native communities, climate change, political issues, implementation of large-scale projects, natural resources and conservation, environmental monitoring and assessment of pollution issues.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management