Социально ответственное поведение компаний малого и среднего бизнеса в России: кросс-культурные координаты Г. Хофстеде
In the course of research of companies’ responsible behavior, it is essential to consider an institutional environment which is largely influenced by the national culture. This paper presents an attempt to explore the responsible behavior and activities of Russian small and medium enterprises (SMEs) paying thorough attention to specific features of the national culture. Authors used the concept of G. Hofstede as a useful basis for an empirical measurement of responsible behavior. Empirical indicators and measurement scales are proposed to relate the responsible behavior of SMEs in Russia to five dimensions of culture offered by G. Hofstede. The responsible behavior of Russian SMEs was analyzed based on 61 interviews of owners and managers of Russian SMEs conducted in 2015 and 2017. It was concluded that features of SMEs’ responsible behavior almost completely meet the profile of Russian national culture defined by G. Hofstede's cross-cultural dimensions. Differences are identified in the dimensions of “power distance” and “femininity/masculinity”.
The study identifies the need to develop the entrepreneurial competencies of specialists in business and management in the digital economy age and reveals the understanding of opportunities and risks of the digital transformation of the economy. It provides a theoretical framework, based on a scientometric analysis of publications on digital economy with VOSviewer Software and an extensive literature review, emphasizing the necessity of entrepreneurial competencies in the digital economy. The results of the exploratory qualitative study show how undergraduate students in management and business explain what digital economy is and who is the manager in the digital age, and explain opportunities and threats that they associate with the digital transformation. The paper discusses the results and major problems concerning the students’ perception of the digital economy and a manager in the digital context. This study contributes to the research that focuses on the development of management and entrepreneurship in the digital economy.
The article considers some problems, relating to the becoming of modern system of state-public support of small and medium-sized business in Russia. The basic attention is paid to the creation of advisory and consulting bodies on small business, and also to their role in the orientation of state policy of small business promoting to the priorities of the national economy development. On the basis of questionnaire data the paper underlines basic problems of advisory and consulting bodies' activity and the ways towards the solution of the given problems.
For improving efficiency of foreign language studies for professional purposes in nonlinguistic higher education establishments in the cultures dialogue context the contents of learningmust be completed with intercultural professional communication aspects including the knowledge of national cultures features of learning language country and understanding of their influence in different spheres of business life . The extension of contents of learning requires elaboration of new elective courses and creation of learning materials based on andragogical principles of learning taking into account adult learners’ specific characteristics.
The article deals with the problem of researching of local cultures. It is connected with a question of variety of cultural experience. One of the most important aspects of the given problem is a definition of approaches and methods to the analysis of local cultures, processes of their formation and revealing of their peculiar features. Research of the specific in local cultures means the movement from the general to the particular, from the definition of the maintenance of local culture through its regional specificity to specific features.
The book includes materials of the Eighth International Conference The Phenomenon of Creative Person in Culture: in Honor of Prof. Fatyuschenko (Faculty of Foreign Languages and Area Studies, Moscow State University, 26–27 October 2018). The theme of the conference reflects the special research direction developed by the Department of Comparative Literature and Culture (http://www.ffl.msu.ru/faculty/departments/literatures-and-cultures/), aimed to examine the phenomenon of creative personality through the prism of Russian and world literature. The subject headings of the edition represent the names of sections, thus displaying the specific range of problems discussed by the participants.
One of the most important activities of enterprises today is responsible entrepreneurship. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities can help to forge a stronger bond between employees and corporations, can boost morale, and can help both employees and employers feel more connected with the world around them. Moreover, the growing importance of this concept results from the fact that it is perceived as an effective tool for increasing competitiveness, improving the image of the company, or contributing to the generation of higher profits. In today’s world, an active commitment to social responsibility is becoming more common for a company.
CSR and Socially Responsible Investing Strategies in Transitioning and Emerging Economies is an essential reference source that identifies the scale and scope of implementation of CSR and socially responsible investing strategies and standards in companies operating in different transitioning and emerging economies as well as assessing the global effects of these activities. Featuring research on topics such as economic growth, responsible investing, and business ethics, this book is ideally designed for managers, executives, directors, corporate professionals, government officials, industry leaders, academicians, students, and researchers in the fields of international economics, international business, marketing, finance management, and public relations.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management