First measurements of absolute branching fractions of the Ξc 0 Baryon at Belle
We present the first measurements of the absolute branching fractions of Ξ+c decays into Ξ−π+π+ and pK−π+ final states. Our analysis is based on a data set of (772±11)×106 BB¯ pairs collected at the Υ(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB e+e− collider. We measure the absolute branching fraction of B¯0→Λ¯−cΞ+c with the Ξ+c recoiling against Λ¯−c in B¯0 decays resulting in B(B¯0→Λ¯−cΞ+c)=[1.16±0.42(stat.)±0.15(syst.)]×10−3 . We then measure the product branching fractions B(B¯0→Λ¯−cΞ+c)B(Ξ+c→Ξ−π+π+) and B(B¯0→Λ¯−cΞ+c)B(Ξ+c→pK−π+) . Dividing these product branching fractions by B¯0→Λ¯−cΞ+c yields: B(Ξ+c→Ξ−π+π+)=[2.86±1.21(stat.)±0.38(syst.)]% and B(Ξ+c→pK−π+)=[0.45±0.21(stat.)±0.07(syst.)]% . Our result for B(Ξ+c→Ξ−π+π+) can be combined with Ξ+c branching fractions measured relative to Ξ+c→Ξ−π+π+ to set the absolute scale for many Ξ+c branching fractions.
Simulation is one of the key components in high energy physics. Historically it relies on the Monte Carlo methods which require a tremendous amount of computation resources. These methods may have difficulties with the expected High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider need, so the experiment is in urgent need of new fast simulation techniques. The application of Generative Adversarial Networks is a promising solution to speed up the simulation while providing the necessary physics performance. In this paper we propose the Self-Attention Generative Adversarial Network as a possible improvement of the network architecture. The application is demonstrated on the performance of generating responses of the LHCb type of the electromagnetic calorimeter.
A search for the lepton-flavour violating decay D0 → e ±µ ∓ is made with a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb−1 of proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV, collected by the LHCb experiment. Candidate D0 mesons are selected using the decay D∗+ → D0π + and the D0 → e ±µ ∓ branching fraction is measured using the decay mode D0 → K−π + as a normalisation channel. No significant excess of D0 → e ±µ ∓ candidates over the expected background is seen, and a limit is set on the branching fraction, B(D0 → e ±µ ∓) < 1.3×10−8 , at 90% confidence level. This is an order of magnitude lower than the previous limit and it further constrains the parameter space in some leptoquark models and in supersymmetric models with R-parity violation.
The 25th International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP), organised by CERN, took place as a virtual event from 17–21 May 2021. The conference attracted 1144 registered participants from 46 different countries. There were 207 scientific presentations made over the 5 days of the conference. These were divided between 30 long talks and 2 keynotes, which were presented in plenary sessions; and 175 short talks, which were presented in parallel sessions.
One of the most challenging data analysis tasks of modern High Energy Physics experiments is the identification of particles. In this proceedings we review the new approaches used for particle identification at the LHCb experiment. Machine-Learning based techniques are used to identify the species of charged and neutral particles using several observables obtained by the LHCb sub-detectors. We show the performances of various solutions based on Neural Network and Boosted Decision Tree models.
During LHC Run 1, the LHCb experiment recorded around 1011 collision events. This paper describes Event Index — an event search system. Its primary function is to quickly select subsets of events from a combination of conditions, such as the estimated decay channel or number of hits in a subdetector. Event Index is essentially Apache Lucene  optimized for read-only indexes distributed over independent shards on independent nodes.
A full amplitude analysis of Λ 0 b → J/ψ pπ− decays is performed with a data sample acquired with the LHCb detector from 7 and 8 TeV pp collisions, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb−1 . A significantly better description of the data is achieved when, in addition to the previously observed nucleon excitations N → pπ−, either the Pc(4380)+ and Pc(4450)+ → J/ψ p states, previously observed in Λ 0 b → J/ψ pK− decays, or the Zc(4200)− → J/ψ π− state, previously reported in B0 → J/ψ K+π − decays, or all three, are included in the amplitude models. The data support a model containing all three exotic states, with a significance of more than three standard deviations. Within uncertainties, the data are consistent with the Pc(4380)+ and Pc(4450)+ production rates expected from their previous observation taking account of Cabibbo suppression.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.