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  • Ценностно-мотивационные основы и реальность трудовой жизни российских работников: проблемы и противоречия

Article

Ценностно-мотивационные основы и реальность трудовой жизни российских работников: проблемы и противоречия

The current transformation of the labor sphere is often inconsistent in the direction and

content of the changes in employment relations and working activity. This has prompted

a revision of the theoretical foundations of the study of values and motives at work.

In this paper, work activity is regarded as a set of value-orientation bases, specific labor

practices and the true motivation of work behavior. In particular, we distinguish between

value dispositions and true work motivation, which depends on specific workplace and

occupation.

Our survey of 1,423 Russian workers and managers revealed (1) the determinants

of the existing role standards in the work activity of Russian employees, (2) the role of

employees’ value dispositions in these processes, and (3) the importance of the socio-

economic conditions of specific jobs and occupations.

The findings confirm the dominance of materialistic values, although there are

significant differences in the actualization of values focused on personal development

within professional and industrial dimensions. We also find that the orientation towards self-

realization and professional development and the possibility of obtaining new knowledge

and skills are significantly associated with a positive normative model of individual work

behavior. Additionally, we reveal the considerable impact of the work content on the

demonstration of diligent and professional work. Finally, we find that true work motivation

is very much aligned with the norms and rules adopted in particular work environments.