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Article

Механизмы общественного участия в процедурах стратегического планирования в Российской Федерации

Ревякин С. А.

The article addresses the importance of public participation in strategic planning procedures. It identifies goals of public participation, defines 3 groups of participation models (by degree of participation in policy decisions), as well as discusses typical methods characteristic to each model type. Based on this, the authors analyzed the public participation mechanism which is used in strategic planning in Russia by studying the sources of the codified law and open government initiatives. The authors defined and analyzed 3 levels of strategic planning in Russia, and concluded that the first (federal) level is dominant in terms of centralization of decisions, number of participants and their authority. It was determined that the currently used strategic decision making model does not systematically provide for public participation. At the same time since citizens have the right to request information from state bodies as well as the right to be involved in the policy making process, but there are no systemic federal mechanisms of participation (at the stage of developing, implementing and monitoring implementation of decisions), mechanisms which ensure that the collected opinions are taken into consideration when making decisions, as well as mechanisms for delegating functions, etc., the current model of public participation in strategic planning was classified as a symbolic participation model (oriented to citizens power models).