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  • Изучение дистрибутивной справедливости в социальных науках: обзор концептуализаций и методологических подходов

Article

Изучение дистрибутивной справедливости в социальных науках: обзор концептуализаций и методологических подходов

The review article covers some conceptualizations and methodological approaches to distributive justice research in social sciences. It analyses terminology issues, differences in research programs, and the following methodological issues. 
The article looks into the issues of applying the term ‘justice’ for varying phenomena and different terms such as ‘justice’, ‘fairness’ and ‘equity’ for the same phenomenon. The author considers some possible sources of conceptual ambiguity along with the main differences between the discussed conceptions of distributive justice. The most significant directions of distributive justice research are critically revised. Considering the different views on social norms among theoretical approaches, these assumptions are highlighted for further classification of methods inside the distributive justice research field. The author introduces some methodological distinctions, including research’s divergent aims and subjects, as well as data collection methods. The article proposes the classification of methods considering the inner connections between the distributive justice conceptions and the methodological approaches.
The division of labor in the research field of distributive justice is depicted. The proposed classification might be helpful for choosing the proper research methods and for the conceptual clarification in the specific empirical studies.