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Купчая на раба из собрания отдела рукописей РНБ. Предисловие, перевод с арабского, примечания

Письменные памятники Востока. 2019. Т. 16. № 38. С. 16-26.

The slave trade was widespread in the Horn of Africa and the surrounding territories, at least until the end of the 19th century. The sale of slaves from this region has been witnessed already in deep antiquity, beginning with the New Kingdom in Egypt in the middle of the 2nd millennium BC. For centuries, it represented the main source of income for the treasury of several states, primarily on the territory of modern Sudan and Ethiopia. The extent of the slave trade was directly dependent on the military conflicts that flared up in these territories, but the slaves were also mined in peacetime. Many testimonies of human trafficking in Northeast Africa have come down to us. These are mainly travel diaries of travelers, royal chronicles. Less common are documents of an economic nature. One of these documents of the mid XIX century was found in the department of manuscripts of the Russian National Library. This is a double slave bill for a slave, compiled in Arabic in Khartoum. The buyer is the famous Russian diplomat and mining engineer E.P. Kovalevsky.