“To Create a Person When You Aren’t One Yet …”: Notes on Russian Poetry in the 2000s
The article focuses on the changes in poetic self-presentation in the 2000s, examining their roots in the poetry of the 1990s. Numerous poets are examined, along with examples of their verse and statements from various literary theorists, to illustrate the entry of splits or fractures into the poetic speaking subject. Poets cited include Tat’iana Moseeva, Nika Skandiaka, Igor’ Bulatovskii, Andrei Poliakov, Vasilii Borodin, Pavel Gol’din, Andrei Sen-Sen’kov, Boris Khersonskii, Sergei Kruglov, Nikita Ivanov, Fedor Svarovskii, Kirill Medvedev, and Elena Fanailova,
This is the feature review article, focused on the new books on representation of the Holocaust (the Shoa), published in Israel, France, and the USA in 2013-2014. It is supposed that the new academic paradigm is emerging now, caused by inclusion of the Eastern European literature (fiction, poetry, essays) on Holocaust into the context of Western Holocaust literature. The methods of research and interpretation of post-traumatic literary works are also discussed; one of the most difficult issues here is contextualization of such works within diverse cultural and literary movements of a period.
Twenty-two years have passed since the moment when the USSR ceased to exist but Russian intellectuals continue their debates about the meaning of this event. Some of them conceive of this historical moment as the end of the empire and the crisis of national identities. They depict Russian history as the succession of traumatic blows and deep crises. Despite the fact that these interpretations are contradictory very often, they can become founding ideas for some imperialist and nationalist ideologies. In this paper, I analyse an example of the interpretation of this kind. This is a novel San’kia by contemporary Russian writer, journalist and public intellectual Zakhar Prilepin. He is famous as an intellectual who declares his adherence to nationalist and imperialist ideas by Eduard Limonov and Alexander Prokhanov. My question is how the USSR, its end, and the post-Soviet history are interpreted. My principal answer is that the USSR is depicted as an empire, and post-Soviet history is shown as a period of disintegration of spatial, intergenerational, and social connections. The novel’s protagonist Alexander Tishin finds himself between all these elements, namely between the village and the city, between the generation of his grandparents and parents and his generation, between ethnically Russian territory and the territory of newborn Baltic countries. Prilepin’s text manufactures an impression of the protagonists’ reflection about these issues, but I show that their reflection is mere repetition of the same ideas, and their meaning is in the repetition itself.
The present volume demonstrates the presentations within the framework of the 1st International Conference devoted to the 70th birthday of a Russian poet, a winner of The Tarkovskys' award, The New Pushkin Award and the Altai Region Lirterary and Arts Award, Ivan Fedorovich Zhdanov (b. 1948).
In the chapter on the example of biographical interviews with Ostarbeiter is considered the phenomenon of biography injured by historical experience. On a theoretical level we analyze the phenomenon of trauma (P.Shtompka, A.Zdravomyslov, Y.Ryuzen et al.). The crisis of meaning, biographical ruptures, incoherence in biography are a reaction to catastrophic experience, experienced collectively and destroys the very possibility of its interpretation. Empirical research has revealed a number of strategies to normalize the biography, which are designed 1) on the level path traveled life's journey, committed social action, and 2) on the level of narrative solutions in stories of trauma - silence, fragmentation, dehronologization.
The monograph is devoted to the oral history of the events of World War II. Eyewitness survivors of the dramatic events - from the Finnish Occupation of Soviet Karelia to the experienc of Ukrainian and Russian Ostarbaiters who worked in German labor camps, children in concentration camps, - represent the other side of the war, voiced not only by those who fought at the front, but also lived and worked at this difficult time.
In this paper the author analyses the materials that were pub- lished in the American satirical magazine The Onion in the period from 2006 till 2011 and mentioned September 11 terrorist attacks. The focus of the research is the persistence of 9/11 jokes five years after the tragedy occurred and later on. The jokes are classified basing on their subject-matter and rhetorical patterns. The author concludes that most of these jokes promote respect towards collective memory about the attacks and their victims.
The paper is based on the research that was funded by the Faculty of Philosophy of the National Research University Higher School of Economics in 2011.
The present article continues the investigation of the Soqotri verbal system undertaken by the Russian-Soqotri fieldwork team. The article focuses on the so-called “weak” and “geminated” roots in the basic stem. The investigation is based on the analysis of full paradigms (perfect, imperfect and jussive) of more than 170 “weak” and “geminated” Soqotri verbs.