Дженералисты в современных организациях: теоретический обзор (на англ. яз.)
In the present article we analyze the current problem of modern organizations, which is associated with an increase in interest in the so-called professionals — generalists compared with specialists, interest in comparison of professions from the position of the complexity and the depth of tasks that their representatives solve. On the example of three case studies of professions that are considered as generalists in organizations and society, the specifics of the activities, professional training and careers of their representatives are shown. We also identify reasons why organizations need these specialists, as well as problems associated with their status, their duties and communications. Three types of generalists in the organization are identified, due to the peculiarities of their involvement in solving different goals of the organization and to different career prospects. It is shown that generalists are the most important resource for organizational adaptation to changing external and internal conditions.
The article deals with basic specific institutional features of professional training in coordinated and liberal economies. The author thinks that the specifics of labor market institutes have become one of the basic factors that shape models of professional training. One of the principle directions of evaluation of these models is checking whether they are up to challenges of the modern economy. The mechanisms of providing of education services in various countries is primarily determined by the choice of funding sources, the ratio between general and specialized knowledge, and specifics of the knowledge certification systems.
Materials of the scientific investigations discussed at plenary session and sections of the international scientific and practical conference "Social Innovations in Development of the Labour Relations and Employment in the XXI Century" are presented in the collection (on September 15-16, 2014, Nizhny Novgorod, NNGU of N. I. Lobachevsky). The book is intended for researchers, teachers, graduate students and students, practical developers. The publication is prepared within a joint grant of the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Fundation and the Government of the Nizhny Novgorod Region "For the 25 anniversary of sociological education in the Volga region: social innovations in development of the labor relations and employment in the XXI century" (No. 14-13 - 52501).
In the recent years there was a growing interest of the Russian researchers in the issues of management of large firms and industrial companies in the pre-revolutionary Russia. This interest also covered the role of the managers in the handling of labor conflicts (filing of petitions, raising demands, organization of strikes). In this paper the author, based on the archives and the published sources, performed a detailed analysis of the influence of the actions of the managers on the course and the outcome of two strikes which took place in 1890-s at one of the largest Russian textile works - the Yaroslavl Bolshaya Manufactura.
The article describes the psychological aspect of social giftedness in a manager. It first focuses on the importance of studying social giftedness. It deals with theoretical aspects of the problem of abilities and professional qualities of a manager, and their social giftedness. It presents a pattern of social giftedness in a manager and the concept of social giftedness. In conclusion it addresses the selection of respondents for empirical justification and practical significance of the research.
The book contains articles on psychology.
In this article, we outline how changes in our information ecosystem are creating new opportunities to support human resource development in advanced and developing economies.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management