Дженералисты в современных организациях: теоретический обзор (на англ. яз.)
In the present article we analyze the current problem of modern organizations, which is associated with an increase in interest in the so-called professionals — generalists compared with specialists, interest in comparison of professions from the position of the complexity and the depth of tasks that their representatives solve. On the example of three case studies of professions that are considered as generalists in organizations and society, the specifics of the activities, professional training and careers of their representatives are shown. We also identify reasons why organizations need these specialists, as well as problems associated with their status, their duties and communications. Three types of generalists in the organization are identified, due to the peculiarities of their involvement in solving different goals of the organization and to different career prospects. It is shown that generalists are the most important resource for organizational adaptation to changing external and internal conditions.
The article deals with basic specific institutional features of professional training in coordinated and liberal economies. The author thinks that the specifics of labor market institutes have become one of the basic factors that shape models of professional training. One of the principle directions of evaluation of these models is checking whether they are up to challenges of the modern economy. The mechanisms of providing of education services in various countries is primarily determined by the choice of funding sources, the ratio between general and specialized knowledge, and specifics of the knowledge certification systems.
Materials of the scientific investigations discussed at plenary session and sections of the international scientific and practical conference "Social Innovations in Development of the Labour Relations and Employment in the XXI Century" are presented in the collection (on September 15-16, 2014, Nizhny Novgorod, NNGU of N. I. Lobachevsky). The book is intended for researchers, teachers, graduate students and students, practical developers. The publication is prepared within a joint grant of the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Fundation and the Government of the Nizhny Novgorod Region "For the 25 anniversary of sociological education in the Volga region: social innovations in development of the labor relations and employment in the XXI century" (No. 14-13 - 52501).
In the recent years there was a growing interest of the Russian researchers in the issues of management of large firms and industrial companies in the pre-revolutionary Russia. This interest also covered the role of the managers in the handling of labor conflicts (filing of petitions, raising demands, organization of strikes). In this paper the author, based on the archives and the published sources, performed a detailed analysis of the influence of the actions of the managers on the course and the outcome of two strikes which took place in 1890-s at one of the largest Russian textile works - the Yaroslavl Bolshaya Manufactura.
The article describes the psychological aspect of social giftedness in a manager. It first focuses on the importance of studying social giftedness. It deals with theoretical aspects of the problem of abilities and professional qualities of a manager, and their social giftedness. It presents a pattern of social giftedness in a manager and the concept of social giftedness. In conclusion it addresses the selection of respondents for empirical justification and practical significance of the research.
The book contains articles on psychology.
In this article, we outline how changes in our information ecosystem are creating new opportunities to support human resource development in advanced and developing economies.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management