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  • Диспаритет «больших» и «малых» городов России: сравнительный анализ показателей экономического развития и данных социальных обследований

Article

Диспаритет «больших» и «малых» городов России: сравнительный анализ показателей экономического развития и данных социальных обследований

In the study, the population of the Russian cities is conditionally
divided by population size into two samples: “large” and “small” cities, and a comparative
Диспаритет «больших» и «малых» городов России: сравнительный анализ... Журнал НЭА,
№ 4 (44), 2019,
с. 163–188
188
analysis of these groups is carried out. The main hypothesis of the study is associated
with the intuitive assumption that disparity appears not only in objective indicators of
socio-economic development, but also in subjective assessments of social conditions by
residents of these groups of cities. “Compensation” of this disparity requires not only
an effective local strategies in “small” cities, but also effective public policy measures,
the rationale of which should be based on the provisions of economic theory and on
the results of empirical research. The initial data of the study were the data of the
statistical portal “Multi-Stat” and the data of the 4d and 8th rounds of the European
Social Survey (ESS4 and ESS8) for Russia. Analysis of the polls revealed the differences
and regional variations of subjective evaluations and human value orientations of the
population, as well as statistically significant differences in the attitudes of residents of
“small” and “large” cities to the role of the state in solving problems of social inequality
and social protection. The population of “small” cities in Russia more actively supports
the concept of the “welfare state”.