Другой – Чужой – Враг: антропология замыкания и ненависти
Phenomena of the closedness in anthropological and social reality are studied in their conceptual framework, personological structures, and social manifestations. Two basic levels of the closedness are considered, in which conceptual personages of the Alien and the Enemy are constituted. Phenomenal data for the analysis are provided by two representations of the Alien, the Jew (in prerevolutionary Russia) and the Migrant (in contemporary Russia), and two representations of the Enemy, the Jew (in the fundamentalist consciousness) and the Ukrainian (in the today’s Russian- Ukrainian conflict). The phenomenon of the substitution of the real Other by an image of the Other-Alien or the Other-Enemy constructed in the closedness is found to be the key phenomenon in the anthropology of closedness. The “constitution of hate” is described, which is formed-up in the relation to the Enemy and represents a certain kind of the constitution of the Ontic Human, in categories of synergic anthropology.