The article deals with the issues of additional guarantees and compensations that can be provided to the athlete by the employer within the framework of the employment contract. The authors justify that some such additional guarantees and compensations can be attributed to guarantees and compensations in the field of social security.
Violence is the major threat to civilization. Since the monopoly on violence belongs to political states, the core problem is the excessive violence of the states. There are two aspects to this problem: violence toward the citizens of the state, and violence toward other states. The author treats these two facets of violence as two sides of one coin. The purpose of this essay is to highlight a possible normative approach toward the violence-free society
The article examines the competencies and terms of reference of the office of his own Imperial Office, created in 1826, whose main task was to systematize Russian law and publish the current collection of laws. Despite the fact that M.M. Speransky did not formally hold any posts in the Department, it was he who was the "MLG" and the "motor" of streamlining Russian law. The result of the activities of the Second Branch was the publication of the Code of Laws on an industry basis.
The author talks about the state in the context of globalization, about the features it should have in order to confront the current challenges. As a result of globalization processes, according to many researchers, the role of the state has become increasingly contested both within the state and at the international level. States are forced to develop in a more open and interdependent world, as a result they are going through a fundamental transformation of the underlying rationality. At the same time, the state in the realities of the global system is becoming one of the main tools to adapt society to the new conditions. In order to fulfill its role effectively, the government must meet the latest requirements and possess certain characteristics. The author offers a definition of the state: the state — a condition of social communication, constructed and institutionalizing at a certain stage of development of society, characterized by unity of the public authorities and the people, united by the law and territory. From this definition shows the following constitutive features of the state: social communication, institutionalization, the unity of the public authorities and the people, law and territory. The author provides an analysis of each of these features, puts attention to the great role of the legal and spiritual communication as a link between the foundations of society and the state.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/