Стратегия развития молочного скотоводства на Северо-Западе России
Problems in meeting the targets of The food safety doctrine for milk and dairy products is currently unresolved. Sustainable development of the industry is hampered by insufficient accounting of the regional features of milk production by the federal authorities of the agro-industrial complex and by the largest investors. Investment allocation with state support mainly in the regions of the Black Earth and Southern Russia leads to a decrease in investment activity in the North-West of the Russian Federation, the continued reduction in the number of cows, and the retirement of agricultural land. At the same time, the regions of the North-West have comparative and potential competitive advantages of milk production, both objective, related to natural and climatic conditions, and the high genetic productive capacity of the dairy herd. State support in existing forms leads to increased competition between agricultural production sectors for farmland, and regions - for investment and finance. The growth of the export orientation of Russia's agro-industrial complex objectively increases the potential advantages of dairy farming in regions with relatively low agrobiological potential. The faster growth rates of dairy cows' productivity in the North-West regions, in comparison with the average Russian indicators, exacerbated the problems of reducing the productive longevity of cows, which requires solving problems in the system of fodder production, milking and keeping animals, and expanding the range of indicators considered in breeding work.
The article focuses on the impact of financial crisis in Indonesia on the budget for public infrastructure, services, and transfers. The behavior response of the population to the crisis could mean future welfare costs of an economy. With this regard, multiple equilibria in the income or wealth dynamics at the household level has been suggested in such away that hysteresis can stem from a transient income. A counterfactual assessment of the local welfare impacts of the crisis, both in short and long-term is provided.
The article shows that household consumption and savings functions are non-linear. The consumption level is affected by institutional limitations, both from above and below. Adequate estimation of income distribution efficiency over certain directions is shown to be feasible through market mechanism. Uncertainty, multiplicity and variability of external environment parameters require expert agency assistance for household’s decision-making; economic decision realization presupposes specialized institutions. Optimization of household’s distribution decision requires sufficient level of appropriate market infrastructure development.
Projects and reforms targeting infrastructure services can affect consumer welfare through changes in the price, coverage, or quality of the services provided. The benefits of improved service quality—while significant—are often overlooked because they are difficult to quantify. This article reviews methods of evaluating the welfare implications of changes in the quality of infrastructure services within the broader theoretical perspective of welfare measurement. The study outlines the theoretical assumptions and data requirements involved, illustrating each method with examples that highlight common methodological features and differences. The article also presents the theoretical underpinnings and potential applications of a new approach to analysing the effects of interruptions in the supply of infrastructure services on household welfare.
The monograph is devoted to the development problems of the dairy industry in Russia.
It reveals the features of innovative and investment development of dairy cattle farming in the Non-black soil regions of Russia. It is analyzed the influence of the state agricultural regulation and support system on the concentration and intensification processes, realization of comparative advantages of milk production in the Non-black soil region in the conditions of global competition in the food and resource market. The factors of increasing the efficiency of technological modernization of dairy cattle farming are investigated.
The study is intended to managers and specialists of agricultural government bodies, researchers, professors, Ph.D. students and everyone who is interested in problems of innovative development of agricultural sectors.
Does "empowerment" come hand-in-hand with higher economic welfare? In theory, higher income is likely to raise both power and welfare, but heterogeneity in other characteristics can either strengthen or weaken the relationship. Survey data on Russian adults indicate that higher individual and household incomes raise both self-rated power and economic welfare. The individual income effect is primarily direct, rather than through higher household income. There are diminishing returns to income, though income inequality emerges as only a minor factor reducing either aggregate power or welfare. At given income, the identified covariates have strikingly similar effects on power and economic welfare.Income
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.