Стратегия развития молочного скотоводства на Северо-Западе России
Problems in meeting the targets of The food safety doctrine for milk and dairy products is currently unresolved. Sustainable development of the industry is hampered by insufficient accounting of the regional features of milk production by the federal authorities of the agro-industrial complex and by the largest investors. Investment allocation with state support mainly in the regions of the Black Earth and Southern Russia leads to a decrease in investment activity in the North-West of the Russian Federation, the continued reduction in the number of cows, and the retirement of agricultural land. At the same time, the regions of the North-West have comparative and potential competitive advantages of milk production, both objective, related to natural and climatic conditions, and the high genetic productive capacity of the dairy herd. State support in existing forms leads to increased competition between agricultural production sectors for farmland, and regions - for investment and finance. The growth of the export orientation of Russia's agro-industrial complex objectively increases the potential advantages of dairy farming in regions with relatively low agrobiological potential. The faster growth rates of dairy cows' productivity in the North-West regions, in comparison with the average Russian indicators, exacerbated the problems of reducing the productive longevity of cows, which requires solving problems in the system of fodder production, milking and keeping animals, and expanding the range of indicators considered in breeding work.