Исследовательское краеведение: изучение топоса и хронотопа мира вокруг себя
This is an introduction to the main subject of the issue “The new regional studies”. The theme is revealed in the issue in different aspects: a research center in a historical park, an educational journey of the study of industries in the context of the city, offcite research schools “Topos”, research expeditions. The general idea of the development of the regional studies as an involvement of children and teenagers in studying the world around themselves using modern tools and techniques is set.
Cultural text created in a specific chronotope. Each culture is a unique combination of time and place of production culture. The author presents specific feature chronotopes in Russian culture - tightness. It connects the actions of the subject to certain limitations that should be reflected in its cultural products. However, the cultural text encompasses the need to overcome the resistance of power and tightness.
This paper presents a study of temporality when translating a teaching-business discourse in terms of the translation chronotope
The article is devoted to the analysis of Boris Pasternak’s “Hamlet” with the help of some of the key concepts of the philosophy and motives of German romanticism, such as the theater, the night, the world soul, the microcosm and the macrocosm. The author also refers to the concepts of Mikhail Bakhtin’s chronotope and polyphony and to the concept of intertextuality, referring to the influence of German romantic poets on Boris Pasternak’s work.
The article focuses on a problem of relationship between concepts of an event and a meaning. Ways of conceptualization of an event in some theories of historiography and literary criticism are considered. Based on the analysis, semantic architectonics of an event which contains «outer», «inner» and reflexive aspects is proposed.
Persistently among the leading regions of the country since the 1990s, Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, like most of Russia’s resource abundant regions, was resilient in the aftermath of the global financial crisis, despite its exposure to international capital flows. In such resource abundant regions, long-run efficient and cooperative budget planning and performance largely account for their dynamic resilience.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.