Организационный социальный капитал как фактор выживания российских промышленных предприятий в условиях кризиса
Based on a representative survey of 300 manufacturing enterprises, as well as on the dataset collected by the authors and containing information on the status and main economic indicators of the analyzed companies, the paper discusses the influence of organizational social capital on the survival of Russian industrial enterprises during the economic crisis. Three indicators here measured the organizational social capital, i.e. relations between managers and employees: trust, the degree of formality of relations, and cooperation between managers and employees. The paper concludes that only the level of cooperation between managers and employees measured by the responses of workers positively influenced the chances of survival of an industrial enterprise during a crisis, while the trust and the level of formality of relations turned out to be insignificant in a Russian setting.
The paper discusses social aspects of higher education institutions engagement with their regional communities. On the basis of the cases of the Russian Siberian and Southern Federal Universities the author analyzes practices and formats of their interaction with different regional stakeholders as part of the FUs' social function implementation. The FU's capacity to enhance their third mission is assessed. The author suggests a set of indicators to assess universities social activities impact on development of the regions, and puts forward recommendations on building the federal universities capacity for fulfilling their third role. The paper is prepared within the framework of the Ministry of Education and Science project "Organizational and analytical support to the national priority project "Education" on activities aimed at "Development of Federal Universities", carried out by the National Training Foundation.
The book includes proceedings of the conference “Business. Society. Human” (October 30–31, 2013, Moscow) organized by National Research University Higher School of Economics. The purpose of the conference: interdisciplinary analysis of actual problems of studying business in the social sciences: the relationship between business and society; social capital and trust; business and corporate culture; individual, group and organization in business; problems and prospects of business education and business consulting, etc. The book present the results of researches of trust and social capital carried out in various countries in Europe, Asia and in Russia. Authors are well-known sociologists, psychologists and economists. The results of these researches were presented at the conference. The papers are published as they were submitted by the author.
The article presents the results of study dedicated to interrelation of trust, cooperative behavior and the size of the winning prize in the multi-way decision modified prisoner's dilemma. The experiment was organized using a specially designed computer program application. The study involved six groups of participants and each group was consisted of 7 players. The experiment consisted of a 15-series and included preliminary and final testing. The study found that the cooperative behavior within the members in the group had fallen down during the 11-series, but there was a tendency to continuously improving it. The trust level of an individual and his/her choice of cooperative strategy in the first series of the experiment are interrelated. Generalized trust is a rather stable construct, but it does not remain unchanged with the actual reduction of cooperative behavior.
The multi-author book is devoted to research challenges of regulatory role of trust and distrust in social life, that is for the first time considered to be the factor of civil society shaping. This book represents analysis of theoretical and methodological problems of trust and distrusts research, provides the research results on the role of trust in civil society life, particularly, cultural peculiarities of trust in this society. In distinct sections trust is supposed to be the factor of economic development, as well as the basis of social capital. The final section is devoted to the new research trend that is trust or distrust to social-technical systems, mass media and advertising. This multi-author book will be of use to scientists of social sciences, economics, psychology and the wide range of researchers of the humanities, particularly, philosophers, culture experts and political scientists. It contains a lot of theoretical, methodological and practical developments, that will allow to forecast future changes in trust and distrust in society and eventually make the process of shaping the trust culture in civil society more manageable.
It is known that charity, as with any social institution that depends on both external and internal factors. In this article the author analyzes the relationship of charity and the level of development of such internal factors as trust. The analysis was conducted on a global level and at regional level in Russia. The resulting lack of relationship to regional level and its presence in the world say that in Russia at the moment there is no required number of relevant data, based on which one could draw a conclusion about the level of philanthropy.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.