Китеж - Незримый град Руси
The article compares two conceptual images of the “Invisible City” in the German and Russian aesthetics of modernity – “Secret Germany” and the city of Kitezh. From the point of view of phenomenology, the author focuses on a special type of sociality. The term “esoteric openness” or “including exclusivity” is introduced to define the collective experience of the symbolic reality of the “Invisible City”. “The Church of the Invisible City” (1914) by Sergei Durylin is taken as a basis for describing the community of the “Invisible City”. This idea has a heuristic potential in the context of “post-secular” models of the state and society.
The paper traces the way how the famous non-academic philosopher Vassiliy Rozanov influenced and sometimes even repressed the poetics, ideololgy and literary taste of Viktor Shklovsky - the founder of so-called 'Formalist school' in Russian literary history.
The paper deals with the polemics of Vasily Rozanov and Nikolay Berdyaev on the metaphysical relation between Christ and the World. The polemics took place in the meetings of Religious-philosophical society in Saint Petersburg. The author inserts this polemics in the context of current debates on the role of metaphysics in post-secular discussions on religion. Rozanov’s reasoning and Berdyaev’s answer are considered not to be an example of ‘exotic’ Russian religious philosophy based on literature and devoid of strict argumentation but rather reflections with certain metaphysical argumentative strategies. The author reconstructs the viewpoints of the philosophers. Rozanov’s report is grounded on the opposition of Christ and the World. Rozanov discovers the contrast between love to Christ and love to the World by demonstrating incompatibility of the Christianity and secular pleasures. Although Rozanov uses stylistic and psychological techniques, he presents his point as the metaphysical one. Therefore, the answer Berdyaev works out is based on metaphysical question. What is the world? Is the world only the actual being, or it is an axiological category? The author examines this argument as the refutation of Rozanov’s point, because the values of the world and Christ cannot be opposed if the category of the world does not content an axiological dimension. In conclusion, the author claims that the main trouble of the polemics is the difference in Rozanov’s and Berdyaev’s interpretation of metaphysics. That is why it is significant to answer what is metaphysics for current debates on religion.
This article describes how political institutions can be seen in the texts of the Russian philosopher V. Rozanov. Contradictory thoughts by V. Rozanov can be refuted on closer acquaintance with its political figures. Despite the existing stereotype about Rozanov nervous and ragged manner of writing, the arguments about intellectual political institutions are fairly consistent, and political position - a clear and definite. Almost everywhere V. Rozanov has positioned itself as a man of state and his faithful guardian intelligent. The attitude of V. Rozanov to any political institutions built up or reduced, depending on the position of the institution in the political system.
The prospects of various interdisciplinary researches, the problem of the unity of scientific knowledge, the possibility of translating methods from one discipline to another, the impact of digitalization on various fields of scientific knowledge, the acceptability of general approaches to science management, in particular, to the evaluation of scientific productivity are debated in the discussion on the limits of methodological convergence of natural-scientific and social-humanitarian knowledge. The debaters Н.N. Knyazeva, G.L. Tulchinsky, V.G. Kuznetsov and N.M. Smirnova comment on each other’s positions, point out the strengths and weaknesses in proponents’ justification, agree on a number of issues, and indicate the main theses and arguments for each position, groping for prospects for further development of the discussed issues.
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.
The article identifies the effect of personalization of politics: its definition is given, the determinants and possible consequences are considered. That effect is illustrated by some features in the Asian and European style of modern political leadership.