Специфика осмысленности жизни у различных групп кризисных пациентов
In this article aspects of the meaning of the psychological crisis and suicidal behavior are considered. A new method (a questionnaire of sources of meaning T. Schnell) allows considering meaningfulness and crisis of meaning not as poles of one scale, but as two near independent dimensions. On the sample of 148 patients of crisis psychiatric care department the connections between meaningfulness, crisis of meaning and other characteristics of meaningfulness and psychological well-being were analyzed. With the help of cluster analysis, three patterns of meaning are distinguished, which are characterized by various combinations of meaningfulness and crisis of meaning. As a result patterns of the combination for different characteristics of meaning and clinical symptoms related to suicidal behavior were detected, and it was also revealed that the patterns of meaning were more diagnostic than the data of the clinical anamnesis.