Образовательная миграция в России: концептуальные вопросы правового регулирования
The strategy of the 2019-2025 State Migration Policy of the Russian Federation shows an increased ease of access to educational services for foreign nationals, among other policies. This goal is twofold. On the one hand, it is meant to improve an unfavorable demographic situation in Russian Federation. On the other hand, there us a need to increase the pace of socio-economic development and to compete for intellectual resources on the international market. However, the legislation does not provide a clear understanding of the strategy for achieving this goal. One of the reasons for this lies in inaccuracy of descriptions of the concepts used in legislation documents related to foreign student migration in Russian Federation. As a result, there is a lack of a systematic approach for legislators to differentiate the legal regulation of different types of educational immigration.
The main purpose of the research is to analyse the scientific terms and legislators description of the educational migration processes considering the State’s priorities identified in the strategic planning acts.
Methodology. The methods used for this research include general scientific methods of cognition, along with systemic and logical methods.
Conclusion. The need to attract educational immigrants to the Russian Federation is reflected in Russian migration legislation. At the same time, the special terminology related to educational migration and related concepts are not set or clarified in the basic legislation acts, and the description of the phenomena of educational immigration occurs without the use of special terms. According to the results of the study, it is a weakness of the current legislation. The usefulness of introducing the concepts of “educational immigration” and the concepts interconnected with it should be recognized. An analysis of the legislation led to the conclusion that the legislator distinguished between different types of educational immigration, based on the preference for immigrant status, the duration and purpose of migration, such as study immigration, immigration in order to receive additional professional education, international academic exchange and internships, and international academic mobility.