Захват регулирования образовательной среды: анализ отдельных аспектов
The article investigates certain aspects of the national higher education system of Russian Federation. Special attention is paid to the presence of formal and informal mechanisms that facilitate the capture of regulation and rent extraction by the existing actors. The article presents an analysis of possibilities of opportunistic behavior of the administration of a higher education organization. As a source of the rent there might be inappropriate use of the institutions facilitated by the various mechanisms. In this case this source can be warranted by the internal regulatory documents of the organizations, as well as the external legal statutes. The research also presents analysis of rent extraction sources and examples of the use of administrative resources. The article points out the negative trends and growth of opportunities of rent seeking behavior of the actors of this market.
The author offers an analysis of the Russian market theses services.
The objective of this book is to develop the sustainable and lasting skills of translator's competence and to build up translation categorial strategy.
The efficiency of social reforms in different countries mostly depends on the extent to which they can be accepted by people. Moreover, even if the problems are similar, the reasons may differ, which can lead to fail in applying existing laws of one state to another one. Bribery, as shows the Corruption Perception Index, calculated by Transparency International, is a typical problem for developing countries – that also matches research (Levin & Satarov, 2000; Ilzetzki, 2010) concluding that corruption has roots in socialist regimes and that in recently established political stability instable economic situation leads to growth in crime. The main problem within the scope of this project is to identify the relation between corruption perception and level of trust in the society and to distinguish the differences in factors affecting these characteristics in post-soviet countries. The research discoveres that distrust matters a lot for the problem in Russia and suggests further examining European countries in order to explain the difference in trust.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.