Асимметрия информации и тенденции рынка научных публикаций
he article represents the analysis of the market of scientific publications and con- sequences of information asymmetry in this market. Attention is paid to the participants of the market, including different kinds of middle-men that facilitate the interactions between authors and publishers. The purpose of the article is to clarify particular characteristics of the market, which might be helpful for researchers in the process of publication. Nowadays, we observe the expanding gap between levels of signals of universities and researchers from different countries, resulting in different levels of incomes and opportunities for access to scientific knowledge. The article points out that the current system leads to the growth of power of major players of this market, and this is the result of concentration of property rights within the industry.
Our study examines the disruptive innovations that arrive from outside of the industry through computational analyses that conne ct innovation rate to market concentration and consumer income in a dynamic setting. The findings show that a market of fewer incumbents (higher concentration) generates less innovations due to the reduced innovation premium and shortened length of incumbency; however, the equilibrium innovation rate incr eases in the market share of the top firm, due to enhanced innovation premiu m. We also find that more high-income consumers stimulate innovation. Lastly, higher consumer welfare and aggregate welfare are found in a more innovative ma rket in the long term.
Metrics usage in higher education management has clearly become an issue of great importance. A recent high-profile policy report on this topic, commissioned by the Higher Education Funding Council for England, is aptly named The Metric Tide. It reiterates a number of basic principles like “don’t evaluate individuals using journal impact factors” or “peer review can’t be substituted by metrics,” and stresses that, “those involved in research assessment and management should behave responsibly, considering and preempting negative consequences [of metrics usage] wherever possible” (Wilson 2015). One of the obvious consequences is gaming with indicators, which comes in various types and level of severity. This paper deals with one particular technique centered around so-called “predatory” journals indexed in Scopus database. It is a part of a broader research on the impact of metrics-based policy measures on various university systems. See the introductory article about “predatory” publishing by the foremost authority on this topic prof. Jeffrey Beall, p. 07.
International cooperation of experts, teachers of higher educational institutions is of great importance for long periods of time. The message described a five-year experience of international cooperation of the United editorial Board of scientific journals (UEBSJ) as an integrative platform between Russian and foreign universities. First and foremost there are strong research links through the publications of UEBSJ between the Bulgarian and Uzbek universities.
The problems of the man are examined in the context of the state development, human inner world, and perception of historical events. The researcher has used their private sources such as diaries, memoirs and letters which reflect the levels of spiritual life and psychology of people living in individual historic ages.
«Менеджерлерге арнал#ан экономика» кітабы о9ырманды зама-
науи 9о#амда аса 9ажетті болып табылатын ?рі экономикалы9 ойлауды
9алыптастыру#а ы9пал ететін микро ж?не макроэкономика моделдеріні/
негізгі M#ым-тOсініктерімен таныстырады. Атал#ан о9улы9ты/ ерекшелігі,
мMнда теориялы9 моделдер мен тMжырымдарды/ практикалы9 9ызмет ба-
рысында пайдаланылуына басты назар аударылады. Экономист-аналитик-
терге, сарапшылар#а арнал#ан экономикалы9 теория бойынша д?стOрлі
о9улы9тардан айырмашылы#ы, «Менеджерлерге арнал#ан экономика» биз-
нес 9Mрылымдарда 9ызмет ететін немесе осы салада жMмыс жасауды жоспар-
лап жOрген практик мамандар#а арнал#ан. Кітапта іс жOзінде 9ызмет ат9арып
жат9ан нары9тар мен компанияларды/ на9ты мысалдары, тапсырмалар
(жауаптары берілген) ж?не кейстер келтірілген.
О9улы9, е/ біріншіден, «Мастер делового администрирования — Master
of Business Administration (MBA)» білім беру ба#дарламасы бойынша 9осымша
к?сіби білім алушылар#а арнал#ан. Сонымен 9атар экономика саласына
9ызы#ушылы9 танытатын 9алы/ кHпшілік 9ауым#а — студенттерге, экономика
п?ніні/ о9ытушыларына, жо#ар#ы ж?не орта буын менеджерлеріне арнал#ан.
This study proposes the global bibliometric overview of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) research in Scopus database in 1985 – 2015. This study detects key countries in this field of research as well as the major centers of excellence (organisations) in UAV research. We analyse publication activity of leading countries and organisations as well as the level of citation of their UAV publications. Special section is devoted to the analysis of cross-country collaboration links. For plotting the map of international collaboration in UAV research, VOSviewer software was used.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.