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Article

Мозаика из самого себя: эмблематический метод "Опытов" Мишеля де Монтеня

The article analyses Montaigne’s «Les Essais» from the point of view of emblematics and tries to show how emblematic meaning is being constructed in the text. Philological analysis demonstrates how key emblematic features are emphasized within the unique texture of the essays, specifically in chapters of the third book. Based on linguistic and semiotic analysis, the article shows Montaigne’s commitment to emblematic mode of expression. Studying author’s use of exempla, the article establishes its link with Montaigne’s understanding of the word «emblème», as it is uniquely presented in the 9th chapter of the book III. Also, article compares the use of commentaries in the emblem book of Montaigne’s contemporary, Dionysus Lebei-Batilly with Montaigne’s essays, thus showing many common features and differences between the two. Also the use of sententia is being thoroughly analysed in order to show how many of «Essays»’ titles are being explicated as emblematic inscriptiones. Jt js argued that all the typological and functional convergences with emblematics should enable us to speak of the «Essays» as a specimen of emblematic or paraemblematic literature. In the concluding part of the article a unique texture of Montaigne’s narrative is being analysed as an emblematic mode of expression: a number of book’s fragments is presented as a particular «discursive emblem», inevitably deprived of visual means, but demonstrating an emblematic effect nevertheless. With the help of linguistic analysis it is shown that Montaigne intended his work as a specimen of a «mosaic» or an incrustation, whose details form an assembly building up as author’s «emblematic face». Conclusion states that seemingly chaotic text of the «Essays» actually implies existence of the structure, composed thanks to the joints and convergences of special discursive units of emblematic nature.