Механизмы экстенсивного и интенсивного развития Московской агломерации на макро- и микроуровнях
The goal of the study is to assess the mechanisms of transformation of Moscow agglomeration under the inluence of residential housing construction at different spatial levels. Methodological basis of the study is the database on individual housing construction projects of Moscow agglomeration, formed by the authors, as well as the proposed typology of housing projects. Compared to traditional analysis at the municipal level, this technique takes into account spatial differentiation of the housing market. The typology of housing projects is carried out on three main parameters: the size class of projects, the location of the existing building, the cost of housing. Theoretically, the study is based on a concentric model of Moscow agglomeration with the binding of the boundaries of the zones to the actual barriers in the housing market, which helps identify six zones. The scientific novelty of the work consists in determining the ratio of intensive and extensive ways of agglomeration development not only at the macro level (in terms of the balance between the commissioning of housing within and outside the Moscow ring road and agglomeration belts), but also at the micro level (in terms of location of projects in relation to existing buildings). In 2015–2017, extensive development of Moscow agglomeration at the macro level (construction of the Moscow ring road) accounted for 80% of housing construction, at the micro level (construction of free territories) – 50%. The practical significance of the study consists in the fact that it allocates the zone between the Moscow ring road and the Moscow smaller ring, where 70% of the supply of the primary housing market of Moscow agglomeration is concentrated. The extensive way of development – predominance of large projects of low-cost housing on free land – turns this zone into the main “territory of entry” of migrants to Moscow agglomeration. By regulating the intensity of housing construction in this key area, it is possible to manage trends in the development of the national settlement system, and through it – trends in the development of regional economies.