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Article

Естественное откровение: у истоков науки о религии

Золотухин В. В.

This paper is devoted to the study of divine revelation theories of the German philosophers and theologians as F. H. Jacobi, F. D. Schleiermacher and Chr. H. Weisse (the end of the XVIIIth - the frst half of the XIXth centuries). These thinkers understand the revelation as the inner common to all mankind ground of the religious life (faculty of religious feeling, selfconsciousness or integral spiritual experience of religious community). If the revelation is natural, it is presented in all religions, which can be сonsidered as possessing the equal spiritual status. The conception of the “unique true revelation” throwing down false pagan superstitions loses steady its positions. At the same time Schleiermacher and Weisse project the new ‘philosophy of religion’ being a particular branch of knowledge. Teir ideas were developed by the frst classic of science of religion F. M. Müller, who created the new discipline using methods of comparative linguistic at the matter of Vedic and Sanskrit Buddhist texts. The appearance of the science of religion is therefore a consequence of progressive secularization of Evangelical theology merging into philosophy of religion. Te main marker of this secularization is the rethinking of concept of revelation.