Можно ли научить предпринимательству: факторы формирования предпринимательских намерений студентов.
This paper presents an investigation of factors that form students’ entrepreneurship intentions. The purpose of this paper is to estimate these factors’ influence empirically with special interest to the education. On the basis of previous research, the model of entrepreneurial intentions formation is proposed. It includes media as the factor, which was not previously regarded by other research. To estimate the model, survey data has been collected in HSE – Perm and structural modeling has been employed. As a result for the sample, education influence is not statistically significant, while media is. In order to conclude, these and other factors’ influence is regarded as the foundation of educational solutions aimed to increase entrepreneurial intentions of students.
The purpose of the article is to assess entrepreneurial spirit and entrepreneurial activity of students and to identify students’ needs in specific educational programs concerning the development of entrepreneurship projects in the innovative sphere on the example of National Research University Higher School of Economics in Nizhny Novgorod (HSE NN).
The empirical study was conducted in three stages during the years 2014-2015, including desk study, interview with experts and survey of students. Authors adapted the GEM and GUESSS questionnaires according to the aim to study students’ needs in entrepreneurship education in the innovative sphere. Questions added concern students’ needs in developing entrepreneurial competencies, skills, educational formats and topics of the entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere.
Findings show the entrepreneurial spirit and activity of the HSE NN students, their needs in special educational programs of the entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere. Students are ready to start an entrepreneurial project only after acquiring some experience as an employee. Findings indicate low entrepreneurial activity among HSE NN students. One of the main reasons for that is the shortage of the entrepreneurial competencies and skills among students. Low involvement of students in the current educational activities in the entrepreneurship is caused by low quality and effectiveness of them. It is offered, that curriculums for entrepreneurship and extracurricular activities should focus on entrepreneurship practices through the development of students’ projects. Findings reveal the most needed topics for studying the entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere, such as team formation, business-planning, market strategy of the launching of the new product, depending on the specialization of students.
Research limitations appear in the focus on students of HSE NN. But the methodology could be used for the surveys of other Universities. It is worth mentioning the sample limitation. Due to the economic profile of the HSE NN, the research sample involves more students with economic specialty and less amount of students with mathematical and social specializations. The sample does not include technical specializations.
Russian and foreign universities could use the results in developing and improving educational activities for students in the entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere.
Originality of the paper concerns the adaptation of the questionnaire to the survey in the entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere. It allows revealing students’ needs in the educational activities in innovation entrepreneurship.
The current research hypothesized that individual social capital facilitates the implementation of one’s intention to start a business. The research samples were drawn from a sample of 2061 adult respondents: a sub-sample of 269 adults who stated their intention to start their own business during the next two years (‘intenders’) and a matching sub-sample of 270 who said they did not intend to do so (‘non-intenders’). The study shows that the ‘intenders’ possessed greater individual social capital. These resources had a positive indirect impact (through increased perceived behavioural control and attitude) on their intention to start their own business.
Entrepreneurship education is included into the innovative development programs of numerous countries. To start the large-scale entrepreneurship educational process basing on the existing educational system is comparatively difficult, as the latter is aimed at training of standard well-known skills, while entrepreneurship isn’t one of them. Currently many universities in the world. mostly technical are inventing formats and contents of the entrepreneurship educational programs. In the article the relevant programs from 20 leading technical universities in Russia and USA are compared by using the official open information. According to the results of the analysis as well as Anatoly Korotkov’s experience in the relevant field in Russia two possible ways of raising the effectiveness of Russian entrepreneurship educational programs are defined in the article.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management