Проблемы дефиниций правового регулирования системы публичных закупок
The modern system of contractual relations is saturated with a variety of terminological apparatus, which has not yet been defined. The terms “public tenders” and “purchases”, as well as other terms related to the contractual system, are often not clearly defined, do not have the main features distinguishing them from each other. At the same time, the legislation of the Russian Federation does not provide an exhaustive definition of these concepts. Studies of these definitions are very diverse and far from unity, which may indicate recognition of the institute of state and municipal procurement in the Russian Federation as an integrated institution requiring the establishment of a clear system of terminological apparatus, certainty in recognizing the legal nature, the establishment of specific features of the source base.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.