Employers Discriminate Against Immigrants and Criminal Offenders – Experimental Evidence
We experimentally study the causal effect of being an immigrant or previously convicted on the hiring
preferences and wage payments of employers. We find evidence for statistical discrimination against
immigrants. Criminal offenders suffer from more severe and taste discrimination.
In the public discourse, cinematic views on the analysis of movies traditionally prevail. The author suggests another approach: in the course of the experiment aimed to reveal the audience's perception of the film „Welcome to Zombieland the author discovers an atypical interpretation of this horror film as an instrument of educating the young generation, those features of the ideological message of the film that can transform any genre into, it would seem, its complete opposite - a collection of contemporary society norms and behavior patterns. The main conclusion of the article is that the perception of a film is a complex social action which always goes beyond any cinematic interpretations.
The article discusses the problem of the experimental study of trust in the business partnerships. A brief review of theoretical concepts and empirical research in this area are given. In anticipating stages of the study there were identified two basic criteria for the evaluation of the business partnerships development – «Confidence» and «Derived mutual benefit», which formed the basis of the pilot scheme, implemented on the principle of party dummy. The main conditions varied during the experimental procedure was a combination of these two criteria: the condition 1 – high confidence, low intermediate results of the interaction, condition 2 – low trust, the average intermediate result. The dependent variable was the degree of optimization elasticity of the joint achievement of the forecast results, expressed the value of the «individual rate» naive participant business interactions. The data obtained allowes to conclude that among the two factors that influence the success of the partnership, such as trust and the intermediate result of joint activities (receiving benefits), there is much more potent factor in the actual result of the partnership. However, as has been established, even in the absence of a direct mutual benefit arising can trust, however, maintain partnerships at a time.
Data mining aims at finding interesting patterns from datasets, where “interesting” means reflecting intrinsic dependencies in the domain of interest rather than just in the dataset. Concept stability is a popular relevancy measure in FCA. Experimental results of this paper show that high stability of a concept for a context derived from the general population suggests that concepts with the same intent in other samples drawn from the population have also high stability. A new estimate of stability is introduced and studied. It is experimentally shown that the introduced estimate gives a better approximation than the Monte Carlo approach introduced earlier.
This chapter addresses changes in immigration trends and their psychosocial effects in post-Soviet Russia. Russia is currently the world’s second most populous country (after the USA) in terms of its immigrant population, with most coming from the Central Asian States (Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan) and China. The chapter begins with an examination of the social issues that immigrants must face. The research focuses on Moscow as the most attractive destination for immigrant workers. The chapter presents the findings of an empirical study conducted on the reciprocal acculturation between immigrants and the host society in Moscow. The study examines the correlations between the immigrants’ acculturation attitudes and the host society’s acculturation expectations and perceptions of the immigrants. More specifically, the study focuses on how measures of integral security (including physical, cultural and economic security) influence the host society’s attitudes towards immigrants.