Дорога через метель: "путешествие-открытие" и поиск социальности в прозе Льва Толстого
The article addresses the social dimension of Leo Tolstoy’s thanatological prose based on the “Master and Man” short story material. The research is focused on the relationship between narrative form of the text, its social thrust, and experience conveyed by the poetic act, which are intrinsic to the “journey-discovery” concept.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
Leo Tolstoy and Max Weber on value neutrality of university research The problem of value neutrality of science is considered on the basis of works by Leo Tolstoy and Max Weber. In the first part of the article, the statements on the value neutrality of scientific knowledge and university teaching by Weber and Tolstoy are made explicit and analyzed in a comparative perspective. In the second part, the central problem of Tolstoy and Weber, that is, a rational choice of the value paradigm, is studied systematically. Differences in their assumptions and conclusions are shown. In the third part, a historical commentary to the context of Tolstoys and Webers works is given. The works are treated as episodes in a wider modern history of the value neutralization of the scientific knowledge and university teaching. The specifics of this process are tightly connected with the fundamental principles of the modern research university (the Humboldtian model of university).
The response of Leo Tolstoy to the First Russian Revolution highlighted new aspects of his teaching, which had long occupied an important place in Russian debates about the most important. He himself began his own personal uprising against the government back in the 70s, and his sermon of non-violence managed to acquire polemical works, arrays of pros and cons, and even sects, but the revolution showed that everything is not so transparent in his understanding of violence and state and the role of personality in history. There was a mutual reflection of two mirrors - Tolstoy and the Revolution. And this revealed some element that fell in Tolstoy’s previous doctrine: the motive, the invisibility of which led to a simplified reading of Tolstoy’s already deliberately simple teachings, to a suspiciously easy revelation of obvious contradictions and inconsistencies in his writings.
The essay on thinking of thinking. The article is motivated by the 80-th birth anniversary of outstanding psychologist and pedagogue V.V. Davydov who was engaged, in collaboration with D.B. Elkonin, in elaboration of psychological foundations and pedagogical practices of developing education. The program he has devised focused on the advance of schoolchildren’s capacity for theoretical thinking and formation of readiness, inclination and capacity for conceptual thinking. An attempt to apply V.V. Davydov’s ideas to analysis of the thinking per se is made. Special attention is given to reflexion and intuition.
Collection is published conclusions of Tolstovedov.
The focuses on the semiotic reflections of post-Soviet nostalgia in three countries of the former socialist bloc – Germany, Estonia, and Russia. The main attention is paid to the material and symbolic forms of nostalgia, which manifest themselves as museumification and commodification of the Soviet past. In the German version, the phenomenon of nostalgia emerged in the 1990 s, which is reflected in private and commercial museums featuring everyday life of the GDR. The article compares two expositions of two Berlin museums. There are several museums in Estonia related to the Soviet past from the country's history, including museums of occupation. This article discusses two cases of Estonian commemoration of the socialist period, the grim KGB museum in Tartu and the ruined remains of Soviet military installations on the island of Hiiumaa. The paper reveals inconsistency of perception of the Soviet past in this Baltic country. The Moscow museums of the Soviet toy and the Yandex museum show the symbolic and material forms of the existence of the Soviet past in modern Russia in its nostalgic dimension. The article is based on materials from the included observation and ethnography of museum spaces
For the 5th year running, New Perspectives is proud to exclusively publish the English-language version of the IMEMO (Russian Academy of Sciences) 'Russia and the World' Forecast. The 2019 edition focuses on what the Russian Foreign Policy elite see as key issues related to 'Disorder, Power and Resistance' in international affairs. The IMEMO experts highlight difficulties within as well as between what they see as the world's great powers - but also point to the significant cracks in the frameworks that aim to constrain them and regulate their conduct. They point especially to the faltering Arms Control regime, which they see as priority - and problem - no1. The IMEMO report also highlights significant internal challenges for Russia's leadership, ranging from the structural problems of the economy to rising political discontent. For all the critique of others tossed out by the Russian leadership, this forecast shows why Russians may still be envious of conditions elsewhere - and Russia's leaders of other countries' problems.