Образы современности в XXI веке: космодернизм
The article discusses one of the latest attempts of "rewriting" of postmodernism, known as "cosmodernism», that was undertaken by American philosopher Christian Moraru. The authors reconstruct the discussion on the necessity to build a new philosophical project to replace Fredric Jameson’s postmodernism, on which was based Moraru’s philosophical work. The article offers a historical-philosophical reconstruction of the theory of cosmodernism in its relation to disputes around postpostmodernism in the beginning of the XXI century, and also clarifies the relationship between the concepts of "cosmodernism" and "planetarism", which are the historical names of one project. Critical review of the concept of cosmodernism/planetarism describes the methodology of Moraru, that consists mainly of the analysis of literary works from the mid-nineteenth century to the present day, which demonstrate, according to the philosopher, the most representative features of modernity. The analysis of the theory and its comparison with competing socio-philosophical projects, such as digitalism and metamodernism, reveals the most interesting for the actual social philosophy side of cosmodernism: an indication of the blurring of subject-object boundaries in the present, the analysis of the phenomenon of netovisation of space, rethinking the nature of the completing globalization, the prospects of the worldling process, which would end in the cultural concept of the planet. The weak points of Moraru's philosophical work is the concentration exclusively on avant-garde literature, which limits the author's ability to work with the empirical material of modernity and weakens the position of his theory in comparison with other projects. The main subject of Moraru's research, - literature -, implicitly filled with ethical pathos, introduces an element of utopian duty into the concept of cosmodernism and removes from the philosopher's sphere of attention other important phenomena of modern culture, which makes Christian Moraru's project even less suitable for the analysis of modernity than postmodernism.