Анализ положительного эффекта от внедрения ИТ решения, основанный на оценке риска
The introduction of IS has a positive impact on the efficiency of companies and organizations. At the same time, even for the a posteriori assessment of the implemented IT projects in terms of these improvements, there are no generally accepted and generally used metrics or frameworks. Traditional approaches make it possible to consider the operating and capital costs of the system, but in terms of the positive financial effect of the introduction, there is a shortage of assessment tools. The situation with a priori evaluation is even more difficult due to the lack of information about costs. For example, there may be errors in estimating deadlines, during the usage of a cascade approach to project management, or uncertain terms in project implementation within the framework of rapid development approaches, unintended integration, indirect effects of implementation, such as reengineering of a number of business processes. At the same time, the systems of the operational level are much more accurate than the systems that support decision-making for the middle and higher levels of corporate governance. Therefore, the decision to implement or refuse to implement an IT project often has the character of expert review, and the cost of an error in making such a decision is very high.
This work proposes an approach for making a decision whether to implement an IT project. It is based on a risk analysis of the company's activities. Large companies, as a rule, build risk management systems, which, among other things, provide a quantitative assessment of the most significant risks and opportunities. Thus, it is possible to measure the positive effect of the introduction of the system as its influence on reducing risks and increasing opportunities in financial terms. This assessment basis will allow to consider IT projects not as costly measures, but in the traditional way of evaluating investment projects, expecting them to have a positive impact on the value of the company.
The article presents the importance of investment development and increasing of the investment attractiveness of Russian shipping companies, the necessity of providing an effective solution to the problem of risk management as relevant components of an overall management system based on thedevelopment and implementation of standards of risk management, taking into account international experience and the specifics of the waterway transport companies
The SAP x Tech Banking InnoJam & BootCamp pilot seminar, organized by SAP, was held on the site of the National Research University "Higher School of Economics". Participants had to offer a solution for the task of accounting for client data in order to increase the effectiveness of risk management and increase the attractiveness of banking products. The banking sector, like many activities, may be at risk. The crisis of the banking system revealed significant shortcomings in risk management. Therefore, it is necessary to create a risk management structure for the bank to carry out effective activities.
Article proposes comparative studies of credit ratings of the leading Russian and international rating agencies. We analyze approaches and the possibility of comparison of agencies’ rating scales. Purpose of this analysis is to propose method and describe the criteria for comparison of rating scales and the possibility of using standard econometric models. We demonstrate the dynamics and development of rating business in Russia, problems and prospects of creating the unified rating area. A detailed comparative analysis of rating scales is focused on Russian banks. Database for empirical study includes 370 banks with at least one contact rating in the period 2006–2010. Similar research has also been carried out for international banks on the sample of 1995–2010 years. It consists of representatives of more than 80 countries. Conclusions provided for ten most commonly used bank ratings in Russia including scales of largest international rating agencies. Results may be used by regulators and commercial banks as part of the risk management methodologies and tender indicators.
Formulation problem of algorithmization process of risk management using a conceptual model of risk management, reflecting the basic concepts of the semantic domain.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.