Природная и индивидуальная причастность и их взаимоотношения в учении Оригена
Two main discourses of participation used by Origenes— natural participation (N) and individual participation (I) — are identified in this article. N refers to participation of the beings of the created world in the divinity according to their natural capacities, or to participation of the beings of the material world in the principles and logoi of the intellectual
world according to the natural qualities of the beings. This type of participation is employed when Origenes addresses the relationship between the Persons of the Holy Trinity, or the connection of the humans with God. Having analyzed these discourses in Origenes, the author identifies four subtypes in N and two subtypes in I. First subtype of N indicates the order in the participation of species of the created beings in the Persons of the Holy Trinity. According
to the second subtype of N, all created beings naturally participate in the logoi contained in the Logos-Wisdom. The third subtype is associated with the natural capacity of all intellectual beings to participate in the divine substance (the union with God). According to the fourth subtype, all humans naturally participate in the capacity of reasoning which constitutes the human nature.
Foresight has become an ‘institutional’ activity as more emphasis has been given to the active participation of stakeholders to shape the future of society. As a key element of Foresight, participation improves the quality of Foresight exercises through the engagement of both scientific and non-scientific knowledge, and stakeholder values and preferences. The overall aim of this chapter is to strengthen the Foresight literature with novel concepts and ideas, which are rooted in the participation literature. This will assist Foresight researchers and practitioners understand various rationales of participation and to determine the type and extent of participation that is desirable for different types of Foresight exercises.
A collective monograph prepared by the specialists of the Moscow State University in cooperation with colleagues from other universities and scientific institutions of Russia, for the first time in Russian historiography, offers a comprehensive view of the cult of rulers in the Hellenistic states, as well as of its prerequisites in the societies of the Ancient East and classical Greece and its subsequent evolution in Roman times. For historians of antiquity, students of historical faculties, all interested in the history of the ancient world.
The main focus of this paper is the relation between the realisation of the right of the child to express his/her views and democracy in Russia. With this in view, I will study the interconnection between the right to express the views and the right to participate. Further, I will give an overview of the specifics of democracy in Russia, how they influence political participation, and what could be done to prevent the further infantilisation of citizens in Russia. Finally, I will explore traditional perceptions with regard to children’s participation in Russia and the legal framework and practice of the implementation of the child’s right to social and political participation.
This publication is a continuation of the series of yearly Academic papers, published since 2006, by the "Baltic Practice" interdisciplinary research Center, in a form of structured and edited collection pf research papers of participants of the International summer school "Practice at the Baltic Sea" or simply "Baltic Practice".
We create collaborative environment for collaborative creation, improvement and promoting bills within public and legislative projects. Enacting a new law means that a community devises out new rules which help it to become more efficient. Below are the principles on which legislative collaboration is based: Public construction of a document aiming at complex cloud issues has high educational value. The practice helps not only produce a quality document and build a community of people interested in its implementation, but promote the innovative document, maintain a new level of its understanding and perception by the society. 518 Collaborative document creation and voting has a priority over document deliberation. Our technology allows collaboration participants to create their own text versions, that could be voted for by other participants. The value of deliberation is less than the value of collaboration. Contemporary collaboration does not always need discussions. Discussion can take so much time and efforts that participants do not have resources to collaborate. The process of selecting text segments is based on the participants' voting. All the votes should be counted but the weight of each vote depends on the participant's impact and the estimation of this impact by the community. The more is the participant's impact and its estimation, the more is the participant's vote weight.
This publication is an continuation of the series of yearly Academic Papers, published since 2006, by the “Baltic Practice” interdisciplinary research Center, in a form of structured and edited collection of research papers of participants of the International HSE Summer School “Practice at the Baltic Sea” or simply “Baltic Practice”, submitted by the students of National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, as well undergraduate and graduate students from several European universities, complimented by the commentaries and research articles by research groups academic leaders and experts.
When considering L. Feuerbachs thesis, that god is a projection of human potentiality, our spiritual reality could be seen as a trinity: the acting and deciding ego corresponds to the Son; the depth persons corresponds to the Father (including conscience, creative impulses, the ability to love, phenomenological perception, higher emotions); and the Spirit can be seen as the unifying force enabling Son and Father to communicate with one another in the human being. Trinity was interpreted differently in western and eastern Christianity. In eastern Christianity, solely God the Father is origin of the Holy Spirit. Western Christianity, by contrast, sees the origin of the Holy Spirit also in the Son of God. Characteristic features of Russian mentality can be derived from this, becoming apparent in passivity and submissiveness to authorities.
This paper presents an analysis of the UK Technology Foresight Exercise from the Dialogue, Vision and Dissemination perspectives. Participation and dialogue-based visioning and policy making process was one of the key components of the Foresight exercise, which aimed at involving stakeholders to set priorities in the UK science base and industry. In this way, the stakeholders were given the opportunity to shape the S&T policies and strategies. The exercise helped in a great deal to the establishment of better links between the Government funded S&T and industry in a collective visioning process.
The prospects of various interdisciplinary researches, the problem of the unity of scientific knowledge, the possibility of translating methods from one discipline to another, the impact of digitalization on various fields of scientific knowledge, the acceptability of general approaches to science management, in particular, to the evaluation of scientific productivity are debated in the discussion on the limits of methodological convergence of natural-scientific and social-humanitarian knowledge. The debaters Н.N. Knyazeva, G.L. Tulchinsky, V.G. Kuznetsov and N.M. Smirnova comment on each other’s positions, point out the strengths and weaknesses in proponents’ justification, agree on a number of issues, and indicate the main theses and arguments for each position, groping for prospects for further development of the discussed issues.
The paper analyzes the functioning of the short past passive participles in the predicative position in West Russian Chronicles. The main focus is on the participles which are used without an auxiliary in the past tense and denote the past action. For an adequate analysis of these forms, it is necessary to use the material of both the Old Russian language and the Ukrainian, Belorussian and Polish languages. The analyzed forms can be used in the same two functions as in Old Russian: for denoting a resultative or an aoristic action. At the same time, -no-/-to- forms, which are almost grammaticalized and function as impersonal finite forms as in the Ukrainian and Polish languages, were found in the West Russian Chronicles. The emergence of these forms is caused, apparently, by the original ability of the past passive participles to be used without auxiliary in aoristic contexts. The discovery of these functions of the passive participles demonstrates the parallelism in the history of their development with two other participles: -ъš-/-vъš- and l-forms.
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.
The article identifies the effect of personalization of politics: its definition is given, the determinants and possible consequences are considered. That effect is illustrated by some features in the Asian and European style of modern political leadership.