Моделирование расходов при мультимодальной транспортировке в цепях поставки нефти
The export supplies of metal products represent one of the traditional areas of specialization of Russia in the international trade relations. The feature of such deliveries is the dependence of the contract price on the chosen method of transportation of the delivered products to foreign partners. An important aspect is to ensure the reliability of transportation. The authors of the article proposed a new criterion for the total costs presented, allowing to take into account the direct costs of transportation and losses due to a decrease in the turnover of cash with an increase in delivery time. A mathematical model for evaluating the reliability of transportation is presented and calculations are performed. Attention is paid to the construction of the information platform for the analysis of transport and technological schemes and to ensure the interaction of transportation participants. The formation of a single information space and the provision of semantic compatibility in data exchange based on the ontological approach are recommended. The approach proposed by the authors of the article is used to compare the three main competing options for transporting metal products from Russia to Germany. It has been established that multimodal transportation using rail, sea and road transport is most preferable.
The search of factors positively influencing on GDP and which is able to bring economy to higher and more stable economic dynamics, is a topical issue nowadays. The article analyzes how different component of government expenditures and private expenses may influence on the increase of production dynamics. The author also valuated the results of increasing investments level on economic growth for both government and private sources under different directions of use, volumes and effectiveness. Moreover this article reviews the influence of proportion between current and capital expenses in investment over GDP and the advantages of increasing the innovation component within the investment.
This article considers various forms of interaction of the carriers and the reloading centers in transport hubs. Attempts to create the logistic information centers in transport hubs are estimated.
In the article are considered various approaches to the problem of the choice of investments' level of the company: a number of the factors which influence the investment activity of the company is revealed; influence of return on investments (ROI) on the investment policy is analysed. The review of economic researches on determinants of investment policy of the companies is studied, various approaches to calculation of ROI are considered. The basic steps and results of the empirical research based on the russian companies' data are presented.
The current challenges of many mobility solutions are based on an extremely fragmented booking system with complex service layers. A cross-company and user-friendly exchange of information and offers from different mobility providers is often not possible. Against this background, Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) has the potential to revolutionize the existing mobility sector and enable completely new business models. Thus, we present a distributed mobility platform, which is valuable for a variety of mobility services. In contrast to conventional platform approaches, the data management of our infrastructure is distributed, transparent, and cost-efficient. By prototypically implementing the concept, we can demonstrate its technical feasibility and at the same time demonstrate that the introduction of our distributed mobility concept will benefit both the supply and demand sides of public transportation.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management