«Главное не бояться!» – воздействие тренингов на ожидания интервьюеров при переходе от PAPI к CAPI
While changing from one survey method to another, the role of the interviewer changes substantially, however, in current Russian studies this is not given proper consideration. Furthermore, the expectations of the interviewers about the transition to a new method of survey data collection may influence the success of this transition. One of the possible ways to change these expectations are the trainings that accompany the transition to a new method of data collection. In this paper we provide an ethnographic description of the actual and semantic component of the trainings for the interviewers of the RLMS–HSE on the transition from PAPI to CAPI. This description is supplemented by semi-formalized interviews with the field staff who conducted the trainings, and with the heads of the RLMS– HSE. After this, we tried to statistically reveal the effect of trainings on the interviewer's expectations.
The use of Big Data technologies is primarily associated with the recent increase in the number available for analysis. Big Data technologies allow you to capture, process and analyze large volumes of available open access data.
The article presents the possibilities and limitations of cartographic methods, i.e. methods where one of the data sources are images of space or geolocation information about the studied object. These methods are most widely used in the sociology of the city. The specificity of both traditional and modern cartographic methods, which are used in various studies of urban practices, is analyzed. The basic typology of cartographic methods is given. The example of the use of cartographic methods to describe the factory areas is proposed.
In this work, authors analyse the evaluation of pilot phase of the survey transition from the Pen and Pencil Interview method (PAPI) to Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI) method using a tablet within the project "Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey" (RLMSHSE) made by interviewers and supervisors. The analysis made using data gained from 13 interviews with interviewers, 3 interviews with supervisors, and a survey conducted on 50 interviewers. The main advantages of CAPI method are: a significant reduction in the cost of the field phase (especially in the long term), increasing the speed of data transmission and processing, and in some cases improving the quality of data (for example, increasing the proportion of meaningful answers to sensitive questions about an alcohol consumption and an income). However, the transition to a data collection using tablets also involves some risks. The main CAPI disadvantages are an increase in the perceived length of an interview; a loss of flexibility in the process of filling in the questionnaire; unease or fear, as well as an increased cognitive overload of the interviewers. Also, the use of tablets associated with such technical difficulties as long response time of a tablet, full or partial data loss, difficulties with GPS position location.
This chapter is based on data from the socio-biographical project. Two main data sources were used throughout the course of this study: first, a questionnaire (a nationwide-Russian survey with 5081 respondents) and, second, biographical interviews. The data was collected in 2015 and contained information concerning the auto/biographies, including their housing conditions and social experiences. In this paper, I focus mainly on the evaluation of this source material and on the revelations of the main advantages and limitations of the research methodology. The primary research question seeks to understand what the structures are that lead to inequality in the distribution of housing and the rights of ownership. A more specific sub-question can be formulated as follows: What are the housing conditions and opportunities, meaning of housing for people of different social classes and generations in post-Soviet Russia? Generally, the research data showed that the individual, his/her environment, family, and availability of different forms of capital (cultural, human, social, family) determine the trajectory of social mobility, which is objectified in his housing status. As a result of data reflection, I conclude that the quantitative data (survey/door-to-door polls of residents/census/online survey, housing stock) allow the discovery of general picture of housing conditions and inequalities. But it does not allow the disclose of the mechanisms that form housing inequalities, that is, accessibility and the quality of an individual’s housing conditions, constructing biography by family members and surroundings. As housing question is strongly connected with family and space interactions, it is necessary to turn to methods studying of auto/biographical experiences—interviews, participant observations. The trends of cultural turns (Bennett et al. in Culture, class, distinction. Routledge, Abingdon, 2009) have played important roles in housing research. Therefore, making detailed studies of the housing practices and inequalities of a local territory are implemented in the format of ethnographic case studies.
In this article author considers methods of conducting marketing research on the market of programs of specialists professional training. The author cites the example of the application of data mining tools to determine the factors of competitiveness of the specialists training programs in marketing, taking into account characteristics of each of the selected tools.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.